Is It Necessary to Divide a Country Like Canada Into Regions?
Canada consists of ten provinces and three northern territories, almost all of which are "rich in land and natural resources".
The Shield covers fifty percent of Canada’s mainland. The criteria chosen for this region is that of a landform, and in particular the exposed rock that covers the landscape. Many Canadians know some of this area as cottage or lake country. Economically, this area contributes to Canada’s heartland with its primary resource base. Western Interior: This region was also selected based on landform. Bounded by the Rocky Mountains to the west and the Canadian Shield to the east, this area encompasses the three provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba, commonly known as the Prairie Provinces. This region has a delineation line between the northern-forested region and the grassland region of the south. Since this area does cover the three Prairie Provinces in their entirety, it makes sense that this region’s criterion is also based on politics. Some of the other regions encompass more than one province, or portions of a province. However, the provinces in themselves are quite different, particularly in the division of each between grassland and forested land, and the uses of each area are quite different. This region is all hinterland, supplying the core with agriculture from the south and resource based primary industry to the north.
In the Canadian perspective, a progressive economic situation thrives where economic activities involve market exchange between the industrial heartland and natural resource rich hinterland (Billen, Garnier and Barles 249). This paradigm has predominated geographical perspectives in Canada.
National tensions, in and of themselves, are not leading us to poor policy outcomes. If provincial tensions turn into true separatism, then we have a clear problem. But without that, regional divisions are simply the natural byproduct of a pluralist society within a federal system.
Ismailov, Eldar and Vladimer Papava. The Heartland Theory and the Present-Day Geopolitical Structure of Central Eurasia. Web.
Scott, Margaret, and W. Alcenat, 2008, Revisiting the Pivot: The Influence of Heartland Theory in Great Power Politics. Web.
Billen, Gilles, Josette Garnier and Sabine Barles. “History of the urban environmental imprint: introduction to a multidisciplinary approach to the long-term relationships between Western cities and their hinterland.” Reg Environ Change. 12 (2012):249–253. Springer. Web.