Is It Necessary to Divide a Country Like Canada Into Regions?
Canadian Culture Canada is one of two countries located in North America and is the second largest country in the world. It is situated just north of the United States and constitutes the northern part of the country, excluding Alaska. Over the years Canada's culture has been influenced by European culture and traditions, mainly that of the French and British. Canadian culture has also been influenced by the countries' first people, the Aboriginals, as well as the newer immigrated population. Canada consists of ten provinces and three northern territories, almost all of which are "rich in land and natural resources".
Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands: This area, defined by its landforms, is bounded by the United States to the south and the Canadian Shield to the north. This area is known as the heartland of Canada. The majority of the Canadian cities are located in this region. Although the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands is the smallest region out of the six discussed in this course, this region encompasses the core of Canada, including much of the populace. The climate here is rich and supports a good growing season. Much of the manufacturing in the country is done in this area, and resources come in from other regions, the core of the heartland-hinterland concept. Canadian Shield: This is the largest region of the six discussed in this course. The Shield covers fifty percent of Canada’s mainland. The criteria chosen for this region is that of a landform, and in particular the exposed rock that covers the landscape. Many Canadians know some of this area as cottage or lake country. Economically, this area contributes to Canada’s heartland with its primary resource base. Western Interior: This region was also selected based on landform. Bounded by the Rocky Mountains to the west and the Canadian Shield to the east, this area encompasses the three provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba, commonly known as the Prairie Provinces. This region has a delineation line between the northern-forested region and the grassland region of the south. Since this area does cover the three Prairie Provinces in their entirety, it makes sense that this region’s criterion is also based on politics. Some of the other regions encompass more than one province, or portions of a province. However, the provinces in themselves are quite different, particularly in the division of each between grassland and forested land, and the uses of each area are quite different. This region is all hinterland, supplying the core with agriculture from the south and resource based primary industry to the north.
Mackinder drew opinion from the global historical activities on the premises that the world was segmented into pockets of areas that individually had distinctive functions (Ismailov and Papava 85). For instance, the initial modernization of Europe was an aftermath of foreign forces. He postulated that the progress and expansion within Europe resulted from an influential pressure at the Asia core. Thus, the Heartland had the influence of a pivot on nearly every geopolitical transformation that had historical perspective within the World Island (Ismailov and Papava 85). In this case, the Concept of Heartland applied within the geographic context of Asia and Europe (Ismailov and Papava 85). Heartland theory develops the geostrategic nexus between spatial control and supreme governance (Scott and Alcenat 4). In the Canadian perspective, a progressive economic situation thrives where economic activities involve market exchange between the industrial heartland and natural resource rich hinterland (Billen, Garnier and Barles 249). This paradigm has predominated geographical perspectives in Canada.
Summing up, despite decades of bickering and hand-wringing, Canada continues on. National tensions, in and of themselves, are not leading us to poor policy outcomes. If provincial tensions turn into true separatism, then we have a clear problem. But without that, regional divisions are simply the natural byproduct of a pluralist society within a federal system.
Ismailov, Eldar and Vladimer Papava. The Heartland Theory and the Present-Day Geopolitical Structure of Central Eurasia. Web.
Scott, Margaret, and W. Alcenat, 2008, Revisiting the Pivot: The Influence of Heartland Theory in Great Power Politics. Web.
Billen, Gilles, Josette Garnier and Sabine Barles. “History of the urban environmental imprint: introduction to a multidisciplinary approach to the long-term relationships between Western cities and their hinterland.” Reg Environ Change. 12 (2012):249–253. Springer. Web.