Analyzing Hazards in Unmanned Aerial Systems and How They Impact the Aviation Community
It is interesting to note that the government considers all aircraft UAVs, if they are unmanned and used by a government or business. After the invention of the integrated circuit, engineers were able to build sophisticated UAVs, using electronic autopilots. It was at this stage of development that UAVs became widely used in military applications. UAVs could be deployed, fly themselves to a target location, and either attack the location with weapons, or survey it with cameras and other sensor equipment. Modern UAVs are controlled with both autopilots, and human controllers in ground stations. This allows them to fly long, uneventfully flights under their own control, and fly under the command of a human pilot during complicated phases of the mission.
The NASEM bring this to attention to acknowledge how integration of UAS into the NAS can increase risks to manned aircrafts and people on the ground, yet they can also be used to mitigate risk and save lives. As a result of this duality, the promise and potential of UAS “cannot readily be accounted for with current safety assessment processes.” This drives the foundation for the NASEM’s recommendations, which suggest that risk averse attitudes towards UAS operations can inhibit the “safety-beneficial operations” these systems can provide.
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