The Impact of the New Deal for Minorities in the United States
Segregation was so far advanced by 1930 that neighborhoods in the average U.S. metropolitan area could not have achieved a random distribution of African Americans and whites unless fully 65 percent of blacks relocated, according to studies of census data by modern demographers.
Economic progress for minorities, especially African Americans and many working class women, was hindered by discrimination, which the Roosevelt administration rarely battled and often endorsed.
This approach solved two problems, i.e., unemployment and development of the country. The dams constructed did not only take care of flooding but also provided water for irrigation and electricity. South Americans were the worst hit by famine, hence considered were the first to be resettled and supplied with electricity and good roads. Apart from the Civil Works of Administration, Roosevelt also established the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) to provide jobs through massive land reclamation and conservation of natural resources (Berkin 630). Workers under the Civilian Conservation Corps planted trees, controlled floods, and reclaimed areas in areas where there was massive soil erosion. Roosevelt’s focus under the Civilian Conservation Corps was in the agricultural sector in Federal lands because he believed that the economy would only regain its lost glory if the agricultural sector was revamped. This approach did not only provide employment to the rural poor but also conserved natural resources and ensured food availability. The results of the relief efforts became clear by the end of 1933 due to the use of the right techniques and tools in agriculture and development of the infrastructure.
Berkin, Carol. Making America: A History of the United States Since 1865. Vol. 2 2011. New York: Cengage Learning. Print.
Colasanti, Kas and Ference, Emily. The Great Depression: The New Deal and the 3 R’s. Web.
Harrell, David. Edwin and Gaustad, Edwin. Unto a Good Land: A History of the American People. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans publishing, 2005. Print.