The Purnell Model and Its Framework
The model has been used by nurses, physicians, and physical and occupational therapists in practice, education, administration, and research in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Central America, Great Britain, Korea, South America, and Sweden. The model has also been translated into Flemish, French, Korean, and Spanish. Although the model is only 4 years old, it shows promise for becoming a major contribution to transcultural nursing and health care.
In 1992, the schematic, metaparadigm concepts, and scale for cultural competence were added. The model was conceptualized from multiple theories, a research base garnered from administrative, communication, family development and organizational theories as well as discipline knowledge in anthropology, nutrition, pharmacology, physiology, anatomy amongst others (Purnell, 2002).
Healthcare professionals and healthcare organizations are avidly addressing multicultural diversity and racial and ethnic disparities in health. Almost every health journal now has articles addressing "cultural competence."
Purnell, L. (2002). The Purnell model for cultural competence. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(3), 193-196.
Purnell, L. (2005). The Purnell model for cultural competence. The Journal of Multicultural Nursing and Health, 11(2), 7-17.
Rose, P. R. (2013). Cultural competency for the health professional. Burlington, MA: Jones & Barlett learning.