Spanish Music History - 16th 17th Century Baroque
Artists like Caravaggio turned to a powerful and dramatic realism, accentuated by bold contrasts of light and dark, and tightly-cropped compositions that enhance the physical and emotional immediacy of the depicted narrative. Other artists, like Annibale Carracci (who also experimented with realism), ultimately settled on a more classical visual language, inspired by the vibrant palette, idealized forms, and balanced compositions of the High Renaissance (see image above). Still others, like Giovanni Battista Gaulli, turned to daring feats of illusionism that blurred not only the boundaries between painting, sculpture, and architecture, but also those between the real and depicted worlds. In so doing, the divine was made physically present and palpable. Whether through shocking realism, dynamic movement, or exuberant ornamentation, seventeenth-century art is meant to impress. It aims to convince the viewer of the truth of its message by impacting the senses, awakening the emotions, and activating, even sharing the viewer’s space.The Church’s emphasis on art’s pastoral role prompted artists to experiment with new and more direct means of engaging the viewer. Artists like Caravaggio turned to a powerful and dramatic realism, accentuated by bold contrasts of light and dark, and tightly-cropped compositions that enhance the physical and emotional immediacy of the depicted narrative.
Spanish guitar makers today by necessity have to be educated in the innovations of these grand masters (Tyler, James, 2005).
Evans, Tom, and Mary Anne Evans. Guitars: Music, History, Construction, and Players from the Renaissance to Rock. New York: Facts on File, 1977.
Romanillos, José. Antonio de Torres, Guitar Maker: His Life and Work. Shaftsbury: Element Books, 1987.
Shaw, Robert, and Peter Szego, eds. Inventing the American Guitar: The Pre–Civil War Innovations of C. F. Martin and His Contemporaries. Milwaukee: Hal Leonard Books, 2013.
Tyler, James. Guitar and Its Music: From the Renaissance to the Classical Era. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.