Which Factors Have Contributed the Most to the Disparity of Success of Green Parties in Northern European Countries Compared to Southern?
As part of this new formation, the Greens now run the foreign, home, and environment ministries.
Although parties that stemmed from these traditional cleavages still exist within European party systems, this essay will assume the postmodernist argument endorsed by Inglehart that European society is evolving beyond such classifications. The key reason for this is economic development. Increased levels of education and income, liberation movements, industrialisation, urbanisation, the introduction of mass suffrage and the free movement of people and goods have all had a profound effect on citizen’s perception of themselves and society around them. Previous impediments to economic growth such as religious conservatism, conflict between cultures and class segregation are steadily diminishing. Using evidence from two dominant, but very different, countries in Western Europe, the United Kingdom and Spain. In essence, while Europeans have not abandoned their core values and ideals completely, well-defined traditional cleavages have been largely replaced by a concern on all sides with tackling the oppressive aspects of industrialisation, religion, cultural discrimination and the inequality associated with capitalism through focussing upon human rights, democracy and economic and social improvement (Inglehart, Ronald. 1981).
However openness of the bureaucracy marginalizes the green parties as in Britain. Political tradition of a country and nature of the electoral system also can obstruct or facilitate the development of green party. However, no single factor can determine the success and development of a green party or the potential of its establishment.
Hague, Harrop & Breslin. 1998. Comparative Government and Politics, an introduction. London: Macmillan Press Ltd
Inglehart, Ronald. 1981. Post-materialism in an Environment of Insecurity. American Political Science Review 75: 880-900
Knutsen, Oddbjorn. 1988. The Impact of Structural and Ideological Party Cleavages in Western European Democracies: A Comparative Empirical Analysis. British Journal of Political Science Vol. 18, No. 3: 323-352