Judicial System in India
This has made them more efficient and robust. In the light of this, I would like to say that it is time that we started using computers to help us make the judicial system in India more efficient and effective. There is an urgent need to implement this urgently as we already have a huge backlog of cases that is crippling the system and eroding the faith of the people in the system. The most fundamental problem facing the Indian Judiciary is the high backlog of cases. This backlog in turn translates into the delay in disposing of cases. And delay in dispossessing cases is a very serious concern as it erodes the faith of the people in the system and when nothing is done about it can also contribute in people losing all faith in the system and instead opting to go to parallel systems like the insurgent groups. Recently, while disposing of a land dispute case pending for a staggering 50 years, a Division Bench of the Supreme Court observed that “inordinate delay in the disposal of cases” has eroded faith in the judiciary and left the people “simply disgusted”.
The major functions of the president include; powers to declare the state of emergency that allows the lower house (Lok sabha) to extend the five year term, chief legal adviser of the government and signing of the bills from the parliament (Manion, 2000). The members of parliament have an obligation to vote for a persistent president. Among the members of parliament is the Electoral College. An electoral college is made up of the lawmakers. The number of these members is proposed to be 4500. Also there is a post of vice president who is elected by the members from both the upper and the lower houses. An individual who has an obligation to chair the upper house is the vice president. The upper house of the Indian parliament is identified as Rajya Sabha (Goldstein, 1990). India has got the post of prime minister who is the head of the government affairs. Some stages are usually followed during the selection of a prime minister. First, a group of individuals from the lower house are expected to nominate the prime minister. Finally, the president is given the duty to select the Prime Minister (White, 1994). The prime minister is expected to advocate for the best ministers. He then leaves the remaining task to the president to select the ministers. The ministers then form the Council of Ministers. The parliament of India is proposed to have two houses. One of the houses is the lower house. This is also known as house of people or Lok Sabha that has got 552 members. 530 members come from various states in India, while 20 members come from the union territories of India and 2 members are representatives of the English and Indian communities (Almond, 1956). The president should dismiss the movements in the lower house after five years of operation. Unless the president exercises his power of declaring state of emergency, the lower house may precede the five year term of operation. For instance, the lower house in the years1962-1968 experienced extension due to declaring the state of emergency (Goldstein, 1990).
Almond, G.A. (1956). Comparative Political Systems. The Journal of Politics, 18, 391- 402.
Almond, G.A., Powell, B., Dalton, R., & Strom, K. (2008). Comparative politics today. 9th ed. London: Pearson Longman publisher.