Essay sample

Under What Circumstances, If Any, Should Us Fad Laws and Regulations Regarding Chemicals Used in Cosmetics and Skincare Be Abolished, Changed, or Remain the Same?

Free ideas for

The law does not require cosmetic products and ingredients, other than color additives, to have FDA approval before they go on the market, but there are laws and regulations that apply to cosmetics on the market in interstate commerce.In the United States, federal laws are enacted by Congress. In order to make the laws work on a day-to-day level, Congress authorizes certain government agencies. such as FDA, to create regulations

A change in FDA's legal authority over cosmetics would require Congress to change the law. The FD&C Act defines cosmetics by their intended use, as "articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body...for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance". Among the products included in this definition are skin moisturizers, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup, cleansing shampoos, permanent waves, hair colors, and deodorants, as well as any substance intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. It does not include soap.

Free ideas for

Personal care products are everyday consumer products used to cleanse, enhance, or alter the appearance of the body, including, but not limited to, shampoos, body washes, lotions, and cosmetics. The regulations and safety information surrounding personal care products are severely lacking. The laws regulating the environmental fate of these chemicals and the harmful effects they can have on environmental ecosystems or organisms that are exposed to them are even more limited. However, studies have shown that the chemicals can have a dizzying array of health risks, including diseases on the rise in human populations such as diabetes, obesity, autism, ADHD, learning disabilities and other neurological disorders, infertility, and some cancers. Many of these health effects have also been observed in other organisms exposed to these chemicals in the environment

Some exposures have even been shown to be toxic to certain species at high enough concentrations. This paper looked at four main classes of chemicals, phthalates, parabens, triclosan, and fragrances, in personal care products. Many of these chemicals are known endocrine disruptors, and appear in personal care products or the environment at hormone relevant concentrations, leading to adverse neurological, developmental, or sexual developmental effects, which can be extremely detrimental to a fetus or to younger organisms. Determining the fate of these chemicals in the environment and the rates of exposure are crucial to fully understanding the overall safety and environmental effects of these chemicals, and for providing more complete information for consumers on the personal care products they choose to buy and use everyday.

Free ideas for

Cosmetics, like any product containing water and organic/inorganic compounds, require preservation against microbial contamination to guarantee consumer’s safety and to increase their shelf-life. The microbiological safety has as main goal of consumer protection against potentially pathogenic microorganisms, together with the product’s preservation resulting from biological and physicochemical deterioration

This is ensured by chemical, physical, or physicochemical strategies (Orth D.S., 1993). The most common strategy is based on the application of antimicrobial agents, either by using synthetic or natural compounds, or even multifunctional ingredients. Current validation of a preservation system follow the application of good manufacturing practices (GMPs), the control of the raw material, and the verification of the preservative effect by suitable methodologies, including the challenge test. Among the preservatives described in the positive lists of regulations, there are parabens, isothiasolinone, organic acids, formaldehyde releasers, triclosan, and chlorhexidine. These chemical agents have different mechanisms of antimicrobial action, depending on their chemical structure and functional group’s reactivity (Drewry D.T., Galbraith L., 1990). Preservatives act on several cell targets; however, they might present toxic effects to the consumer. Indeed, their use at high concentrations is more effective from the preservation viewpoint being, however, toxic for the consumer, whereas at low concentrations microbial resistance can develop.

Free ideas for

To conclude, despite the limitations to the data collection, the CSCP public searchable database identifies products that contain ingredients known or suspected to cause cancer or reproductive or developmental harm. Cosmetics products across various categories of personal care, ranging from beauty products to baby care, have been reported. In a market with little regulatory oversight, the database serves as a “right-to-know” resource for consumers and workers who want to make informed choices about personal care products and as a potential driver towards safer alternative ingredients.

Free ideas for

Orth D.S., Enigl D.C. Preservative efficacy testing by a rapid screening method for estimation of d-values. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 1993;44:329–336.

Hodges N.A., Denyer S.P., Hanlon G.W., Reynolds J.P. Preservative efficacy tests in formulated nasal products: Reproducibility and factors affecting preservative activity. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1996;48:1237–1242.

Drewry D.T., Galbraith L., Wilkinson B.J., Wilkinson S.G. Staphylococcal slime: A cautionary tale. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1990

Was this essay example useful for you?

Do you need extra help?

Order unique essay written for you
ORDER NOW
708
Words
3
References
essay statistic graph
Topic Popularity
ORDER ESSAY