How Do We, in America, Generally Reward, Punish, or Distribute Good or Bad?
It is well known that the United States incarcerates people at a rate exceeding that of the rest of the developed world, and many of its states still have the death penalty for murder, a practice abandoned by many other nations. Moreover, crimes are punished with very lengthy sentences compared to other places. It is true that the nation's penal system, as well as that of the states, claims to be based on the principle of rehabilitation, which is a utilitarian idea in that it is based on the principle that we all have an interest in criminals returning to society as productive citizens. But the nation's prisons also have very high recidivism rates. It is also true that the types of social welfare programs that attack the socioeconomic inequalities that underlie.
On the one hand are approaches that emphasize an asymmetry, arguing that they should be regarded as fundamentally different practices, governed by different moral principles (Smilansky, 2006). According to the asymmetry account, retributive justice is aimed at rectifying injustice by using blame and punishment to reprimand and correct those who have done wrong and are deserving of punishment as a consequence. The notion of just deserts is thus the main principle.
Rewards and incentives also eliminate or drastically reduce the need for direct, coercive control of a child by the parent, and therefore strengthen the parent-child relationship and the positive influence of the parent on the child.
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