How Each of the Primary Theories (Conflict, Functionalism and Symbolic Interaction) Explains How Gender and Sexual Orientation Are Viewed in the United States
Gender is a term that refers to social or cultural distinctions associated with being male or female.
A theory is a set of interrelated propositions or principles designed to answer a question or explain a particular phenomenon; it provides us with a perspective. Sociological theories help us to explain and predict the social world in which we live. Sociology includes three major theoretical perspectives: the functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, and the symbolic interactionist perspective (sometimes called the interactionist perspective, or simply the micro view). Each perspective offers a variety of explanations about the social world and human behavior.
Hines, Sally and Tam Sanger. (2010). Transgender identities: Towards a sociological analysis of gender diversity. New York: Routledge.
Ling, Lisa. (2011). Transgender child: A parent’s difficult choice [Television series episode]. OWN Network-Our America with Lisa Ling, Harpo Productions. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from (http://www.oprah.com/own-our-america-lisa-ling/Transgender-Child-A-Parents-Difficult-Choice).