How Each of the Primary Theories (Conflict, Functionalism and Symbolic Interaction) Explains How Gender and Sexual Orientation Are Viewed in the United States
But have you ever been asked to provide your sex and your gender? As with most people, it may not have occurred to you that sex and gender are not the same. However, sociologists and most other social scientists view sex and gender as conceptually distinct. Sex refers to physical or physiological differences between males and females, including both primary sex characteristics (the reproductive system) and secondary characteristics such as height and muscularity. Gender is a term that refers to social or cultural distinctions associated with being male or female.
Each perspective offers a variety of explanations about the social world and human behavior.
Constant exposure to derogatory labels, jokes, and pervasive homophobia would lead to a negative self-image, or worse, self-hate. The CDC reports that homosexual youths who experience high levels of social rejection are six times more likely to have high levels of depression and eight times more likely to have attempted suicide (CDC 2011).
Hines, Sally and Tam Sanger. (2010). Transgender identities: Towards a sociological analysis of gender diversity. New York: Routledge.
Ling, Lisa. (2011). Transgender child: A parent’s difficult choice [Television series episode]. OWN Network-Our America with Lisa Ling, Harpo Productions. Retrieved February 13, 2012, from (http://www.oprah.com/own-our-america-lisa-ling/Transgender-Child-A-Parents-Difficult-Choice).