The Texas Ocean Pollution
There is contamination by heat, oil, plastic, chemical substances. More than 80% of marine pollution is due to land activities, and these activities are careless. By human ignorance of the sea, marine pollution caused hundreds of people to die of oceanic flora and fauna. Each and every year an average of 2 tons (22 tons) of household waste is put out, but in the end large amounts of garbage enter the ocean. Even in your city, there are many kinds of pollution occurring today. One of the pollution we heard at Santa Barbara was oil contamination.
This has increased the greenhouse effect, and average temperatures across the globe are rising. The decade that began in the year 2000 was the warmest on record. This increase in worldwide average temperatures, caused in part by human activity, is called global warming.
Unfortunately, several marine species are on the verge of extinction because of such type of ocean pollution. Consumption of plastic by marine creatures causes severe digestive problems which go mainly untreated. Reports suggest that the consumption of plastic by all type of fish amounts to several of tonnes every year. In addition to causing intestinal injury and death of these fish, this also spread the risk across the food chain, to bigger fish and marine mammals.
Hill, Marquita K., 2010, Understanding Environmental Pollution, Cambridge University
Press, New York City, 585
Katsanevakis, Stelios, 2008, Marine Debris, A Growing Problem: Sources, Distribution, Composition, and Impacts, in Hofer, T.N., ed., Marine Pollution: New Research, Nova Publishers, Hauppauge, New York, p. 54-75.