Distinguish Between Technical Report and Management Report
A report is divided into different parts and sections with headings. There may be numbered parts with headings and subheadings, parts labelled A, B, C and so on.Reports are very common in everyday life. You see them in businesses all the time. There are different types of reports. There are academic reports which are like journal articles. There are laboratory reports that scientists write. There are business reports which don’t have the same parts as an academic report.
Basically, technical report and general report are both reports. But as we know, the devil is in the details, and there are actually quite different from one another. In this article, let’s try and figure out how exactly. A technical report is a document that contains information on the process, progress, or results of technical research, and it also describes recommendations and conclusions of the research. It doesn’t describe sales, marketing or other non-technical matters. Technical reports resemble technical documentation in some ways; they also should be clear and easy-to-interpret. A reader should not need to ask for further information — tech report should cover ALL information, especially technical facts on a subject. Nowadays, technical reports, as well as technical documentation, are published using an online documentation tool. As technical reports can be internal and/or external, you can create both these types in one tool. For example, I use ClickHelp, and I can create internal and external documentation right there using different publication visibility modes:A general report is a document that contains information on outcomes, results, and efficiencies, and other things that are directly related to the companies/groups success. It is written for a broad audience by means of plain language.The target audience can be members of your department, managers or your CEO. It’s also supposed to include facts but they are not technical. General reports can also be created using a help authoring tool. The main difference between a technical report and a general report is that tech reports are supposed to be technical, and general reports are the reports for everyone.
Whenever you make use of other people's facts or ideas, you must indicate this in the text with a number which refers to an item in the list of references. Any phrases, sentences or paragraphs which are copied unaltered must be enclosed in quotation marks and referenced by a number. Material which is not reproduced unaltered should not be in quotation marks but must still be referenced. It is not sufficient to list the sources of information at the end of the report; you must indicate the sources of information individually within the report using the reference numbering system. Information that is not referenced is assumed to be either common knowledge or your own work or ideas; if it is not, then it is assumed to be plagiarised i.e. you have knowingly copied someone else's words, facts or ideas without reference, passing them off as your own. This is a serious offence. If the person copied from is a fellow student, then this offence is known as collusion and is equally serious (Eisenberg A., 1992). Examination boards can, and do, impose penalties for these offences ranging from loss of marks to disqualification from the award of a degreeThis refers to the checking of every aspect of a piece of written work from the content to the layout and is an absolutely necessary part of the writing process. You should acquire the habit of never sending or submitting any piece of written work, from email to course work, without at least one and preferably several processes of proofreading. In addition, it is not possible for you, as the author of a long piece of writing, to proofread accurately yourself; you are too familiar with what you have written and will not spot all the mistakes. When you have finished your report, and before you staple it, you must check it very carefully yourself. You should then give it to someone else, e.g. one of your fellow students, to read carefully and check for any errors in content, style, structure and layout. You should record the name of this person in your acknowledgements (Pfeiffer W.S, 1998).
In conclusion, technical report is a document that describes the progress, process, or results of scientific or technical research. It also can include some recommendations and conclusions. Technical reports may be considered as grey literature because they rarely undergo comprehensive independent peer review before publication. Technical reports are a great source of technical or scientific information. They can be written both for wider or internal distribution. In order to establish novelty, technical reports can be considered as a primary form of scientific paper when researchers don’t want to wait when academic journals publish their work.
van Emden J. and Easteal J. Technical Writing and Speaking, an Introduction (McGraw-Hill 1996)
Pfeiffer W.S. Pocket Guide to Technical Writing (Prentice Hall 1998)
Eisenberg A. Effective Technical Communication (McGraw-Hill 1992)