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What Is PTSD and How It Is Diagnosed

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Today we are here to figure out why is it that past events are the triggers that cause Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or undergoing a dangerous event. There are various symptoms that begin to show or actions that can give a clear answer whether one may be diagnosed with this disorder

One of the many problems is that no age range is safe from suffering PTSD.

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of a traumatic event. A traumatic event is a life-threatening event such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or physical or sexual assault in adult or childhood. Most survivors of trauma return to normal given a little time. However, some people will have stress reactions that do not go away on their own, or may even get worse over time

These individuals may develop PTSD. People with PTSD experience three different kinds of symptoms. The first set of symptoms involves reliving the trauma in some way such as becoming upset when confronted with a traumatic reminder or thinking about the trauma when you are trying to do something else. The second set of symptoms involves either staying away from places or people that remind you of the trauma, isolating from other people, or feeling numb. The third set of symptoms includes things such as feeling on guard, irritable, or startling easily. In addition to the symptoms described above, we now know that there are clear biological changes that are associated with PTSD. PTSD is complicated by the fact that people with PTSD often may develop additional disorders such as depression, substance abuse, problems of memory and cognition, and other problems of physical and mental health.

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Many victims of crime suffer from a variety of short-term stress and dissociative symptoms during or immediately after the trauma (Frederick, C.J. (1985). Although these reactions do not necessarily lead to PTSD, they can cause significant emotional and psychological distress as well as functional impairment. The diagnosis of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) was recently incorporated into the DSM-IV in order to recognize and classify the psychological reactions and sequelae that occur within one month after an acute stressor. Once established PTSD tends to persist. About half of those who develop PTSD spontaneously recover over the two years following the event. After that time symptoms may wax and wane in intensity or different clusters may be more prominent at a particular time, but they usually do not dissipate entirely

Anniversaries and life crises may precipitate setbacks (Goenjian, A.K., Pynoos, R.S., 1995). Clinicians will need to query victims regarding the presence of all symptom criteria occurring within the specified time range. To do this, enough accurate information about traumatic experience will need to be gathered by asking specific questions.

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On balance, PTSD is becoming a big disorder in the 21st century due to the increase of crime, natural disasters, bombing etc… The currency is increasing each day and people do not have the money to seek out immediate therapy after a traumatic event has occurred and what has been discussed on the top is that instant therapy shall help intervention for the persons to not develop PTSD. With that said self-help is also important and avoiding alcohol and drug abuse can also prevent this disorder from developing, having a good support system enforced and always remembering that life doesn’t end after something traumatic, it just makes one wiser in life.

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Frederick, C.J. (1985). Children traumatized by catastrophic situations. in S. Eth and R.S. Pynoos (Eds.). Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in children (pp.71-100). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.

Garrison, C.Z., Bryant, E.S., Addy, C.L., Spurrier, P.G., Greedy, J.R., and Kilpatrick, D.G. (1995). Post-traumatic stress disorder in adolescents after Hurricane Andrew. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1193-1201.

Goenjian, A.K., Pynoos, R.S., Steinberg, A.M., Najarian, L.M., Asarnow, J.R., Karayan, I., Ghurabi, M., and Fairbanks, L.A. (1995). psychiatric co-morbidity in children after the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent psychiatry, 34, 1174-1184

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