What Is PTSD and How It Is Diagnosed
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One of the many problems is that no age range is safe from suffering PTSD.
These individuals may develop PTSD. People with PTSD experience three different kinds of symptoms. The first set of symptoms involves reliving the trauma in some way such as becoming upset when confronted with a traumatic reminder or thinking about the trauma when you are trying to do something else. The second set of symptoms involves either staying away from places or people that remind you of the trauma, isolating from other people, or feeling numb. The third set of symptoms includes things such as feeling on guard, irritable, or startling easily. In addition to the symptoms described above, we now know that there are clear biological changes that are associated with PTSD. PTSD is complicated by the fact that people with PTSD often may develop additional disorders such as depression, substance abuse, problems of memory and cognition, and other problems of physical and mental health.
Anniversaries and life crises may precipitate setbacks (Goenjian, A.K., Pynoos, R.S., 1995). Clinicians will need to query victims regarding the presence of all symptom criteria occurring within the specified time range. To do this, enough accurate information about traumatic experience will need to be gathered by asking specific questions.
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Goenjian, A.K., Pynoos, R.S., Steinberg, A.M., Najarian, L.M., Asarnow, J.R., Karayan, I., Ghurabi, M., and Fairbanks, L.A. (1995). psychiatric co-morbidity in children after the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent psychiatry, 34, 1174-1184