Review Jex, S. M., Britt, T. W. (2014). Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach (3rd Ed.). John Wiley Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, Nj.
Organizational psychologists also seek to use these insights to enhance the effectiveness of organizations—a goal that is potentially beneficial to all.
Firstly, a consumer of science; where this requires psychologists to employ prevalent research as the foundation of their practice. The idea is that scientist-practitioners should be capable to read, comprehend and administer relevant research findings, in addition to practice using the scientific approach. If there is no validated methods of assessment available, scientist-partitioners should be able to apply scientific principles of observation, hypothesis generation and hypothesis testing to each individual patient. This ensures that psychologists use empirically supported treatments to increase effectiveness and efficiency of their practice.
Gale, 1985; Pfeiffer, Burd and Wright, 1992; Vespia, 2006; Wilson, 1981), such as not having the required time, lack of funding, effort, motivation and skill to put it into practice. For example, O’Gorman (2001) believes that low publication rates are evidence of practitioners not acting as scientists.
Education and training in either research or practice alone, or concurrently without integration, is viewed as not fulfilling the requirements of this model.
Kanfer, F. H. (1990). The Scientist-Practitioner Connection: A Bridge in Need of Constant Attention. Journal of Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 2(4), 264-270.
Martin, P. (1989). The Scientist-Practitioner Model and Clinical Psychology. Australian Psychologist, 24, 71-92.
Milne, D., & Paxton, R. (1998). A psychological re-analysis of the scientist-practitioner model. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 5, 216-230.
O’Gorman, J. (2001, July). The Scientist-Practitioner Model and Its Critics. Australian Psychologist, 36(2), 164-169.
Page, A. (1996). The Scientist-Practitioner Model: More Faces than Eve. Australian Psychologist, 31(2), 103-108.