Review Jex, S. M., Britt, T. W. (2014). Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach (3rd Ed.). John Wiley Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, Nj.
Organizational psychologists also seek to use these insights to enhance the effectiveness of organizations—a goal that is potentially beneficial to all.
This ensures that psychologists use empirically supported treatments to increase effectiveness and efficiency of their practice.
This belief, i.e. that philosophical views affect decision making in assessment, therapy and research is consistent with the work John (1996) and Milne and Paxton (1998). For example, Milne and Paxton (1998) found that clinicians often focused on research information that fit in with their world views. Another burgeoning argument is that whilst there is much emphasis placed on the research/science factor, few psychologists actually adhere to this, due to various factors (e.g. Gale, 1985; Pfeiffer, Burd and Wright, 1992; Vespia, 2006; Wilson, 1981), such as not having the required time, lack of funding, effort, motivation and skill to put it into practice. For example, O’Gorman (2001) believes that low publication rates are evidence of practitioners not acting as scientists.
Education and training in either research or practice alone, or concurrently without integration, is viewed as not fulfilling the requirements of this model.
Kanfer, F. H. (1990). The Scientist-Practitioner Connection: A Bridge in Need of Constant Attention. Journal of Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 2(4), 264-270.
Martin, P. (1989). The Scientist-Practitioner Model and Clinical Psychology. Australian Psychologist, 24, 71-92.
Milne, D., & Paxton, R. (1998). A psychological re-analysis of the scientist-practitioner model. Journal of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 5, 216-230.
O’Gorman, J. (2001, July). The Scientist-Practitioner Model and Its Critics. Australian Psychologist, 36(2), 164-169.
Page, A. (1996). The Scientist-Practitioner Model: More Faces than Eve. Australian Psychologist, 31(2), 103-108.