Why Is Momoko Attracted to a Particular Style That Preceded the French Revolution
According to B. A. Avner, “Nationalist sentiments were known, then, in prerevolutionary France, but they were shared mainly by limited circles within the elite and were subordinated to the higher value system of the Church and the monarchy. It was the Revolution that transformed them into a powerful, popular force which cut itself loose from the tenets of the Old Regime and based itself upon a new set of principles.” Before the Revolution, much of the national sentiment revolved around a particular social class rather than the entire nation. On the eve of the revolution, however, class divisions became less important, and the desire for a single nation emerged (Shafer, Boyd C., 1938).
By the late 1790s, the directors relied almost entirely on the military to maintain their authority and had ceded much of their power to the generals in the field.
Ross, Steven T. French Military History, 1661-1799: A Guide to the Literature. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1984.
Shafer, Boyd C. “Bourgeois Nationalism in the Pamphlets on the Eve of the French Revolution” The Journal of Modern History. Vol. 10, No. 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938.
Thompson, J. M. Leaders of the French Revolution. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1962.
Weber, Eugen. Peasants into Frenchmen, specifically Part 1. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976.