Political Theory of Machiavelli
Niccolo Machiavelli is a great influence on many poloticians, philosophers, and leaders alike. His name has also come into our grammer as Machiavellian or Machiavellism meaning a brutal or realist view of something perhaps not the most moral of methods but it is effective. In Niccolo Machiavelli's day and age he was one of the few that could read and write literacy was left primarily to preists and poloticians. He was oviously a very skilled politician and had a knowledge for the art of war. Today he is remembered as a political philosopher someone who studied polotics enough to come up with the perfect way to be a prince and inspired other poloticians for many years.
The opinions on politics and political leaders that Machiavelli had would have a substantial influence on how future political leaders would run their countries. Secondly his influence in comparison to artist of his time is much larger. Additionally as demonstrated in his book The Prince the opinions that he had on how the government is run would alter how governments in the future would be run. Moreover the writing style that he adapted gave him a renowned name for himself and would be adapted by future writers. Due to his military experience Machiavelli’s tactics and style of military presented to make him be a noteworthy individual in modern western civilization. played its toll in shaping our world today. Lastly Machiavelli’s influence on the reformation would not be match worthy to any other reformation leader.. “Princes and governments are far more dangerous than other elements within society.” – Niccolo Machiavelli. Machiavelli is known as the father of modern political thought. He has had an incredibly large influence on our modern civilization. Firstly Machiavelli’s opinions on politics and political leaders effected how future political leaders would run their countries. Additionally Machiavelli had a much larger influence on the future of modern western civilization in comparison to the renaissance artists of his time. Also his opinion on how the government is run demonstrated in his book The Prince changed they way in which we view how our government is run. Furthermore Machiavelli’s innovative writing style made him a noted writer in the history of western civilization. Machiavelli’s tactics and style of military influence has played its toll in shaping our world today. Machiavelli’s influence outshines any other reformation leader. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in the year 1469 in midst of a shifting political time in Italy. The fear and invasion from powerful states such France and Spain threatened the Italian government. Alexander Borgia was elected the pope through bribery and threats. Pope Alexander used the church’s wealth to benefit his own family. Some of the parts of Italy became Republic and others like Venice fell to dictators. No monarchy was present and no centralized government existed. Each city was like its own separate nation. Italy was struggling to unify itself. Machiavelli served the Borgia family as a political advisor. Machiavelli noticed the infighting among the rivaling Italian city-states but saw the effectiveness in the Borgia family members in maintaining their power. In forming his opinions he developed a treatise known as The Prince. The book was based upon his ideal Prince. Machiavelli describes his position that the Prince should be the only authority determining different aspects of the state to serve his best interest. These interests should be gaining, maintaining and expanding political power. In his books he is often very contradictory of himself. He believed that a prince should only serve his own best interest. If a prince cannot be both feared and loved it is better for him to be just feared. Machiavelli derived his views from the experience of the Caesura Borgia who was the current Prince of Italy during his time and hopped that it would provide a framework for future princes.
Machiavelli also talks of another virtue that is necessary in the political society, this virtue is that of corruption; this is not corruption of impropriety or graft, it is corruption of the body. This virtue makes according to him makes him do his politics in a healthy and lively manner, in this case, citizen are allowed to lose their mind and character virtues for them to meet the challenges at the moment. In the Discourse, just like in the Prince, Machiavelli insists that a human being especially in leadership should learn to react to changing requirements of situations or time. He advices leaders that, there is no one way of doing things, it is always god to be flexible and tactful when faced with a situation that is not normal norm. There are people who refuse to deviate or restrain themselves from doing something because of what they hold as principles, even if the action will be beneficial to them or to others. Such kind of mindsets is what Machiavelli considers as not suitable for one who wants to make it as a good leader; leaders with principalities never last for long, when compared to those who change requirements considering the circumstances (Machiavelli 184). Also, in leadership, republics are preferred to principalities because they always make the right decisions basing of the situation and not of what should be, such leaders are considered the best in steering change in the community and the republic are whole. Therefore, a leader should have a virtue of changing requirements to meet the situation at hand to lead effectively. Remembering the bible, the king who was faced with a case of deciding the mother of the child between two women; the each woman was claiming that the child was hers, and because the king did not know the mother, he told them that the child will be cut into two pieces to solve the issue. This king, through his statement, he was able to verify the actual mother of the child; this is a situation he handled so quickly, without following the protocols followed to solve a problem. This shows that sometimes it is virtuous to deviate from the normal or moral way of doing things in order to make useful and important decisions.
All in all, modern society’s utilitarianism of personal virtue confuses the search for truth with the prospect of civic enterprise, and young go-getters raised on basic Christian values want to touch the hearts of their friends, but also leave the power of their names carved on the souls of America. Despite the separation of Church and State, personal politics and ethics obscurely intertwine. The blood makeup inside us is thick and difficult, yet we still call ourselves Christian, aching to know the way to unload this paralyzing muck of blind ambition.
Machiavelli, Niccolò. Selected Political Writings. U.S: Hackett Publishing, 1994. Print.