What Is Law
Law are the principles and regulations established in a community by some authority and applicable to its people, whether in the form of legislation or of custom and policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision.
Unwritten law is most commonly found in primitive societies where illiteracy is prevalent. Because many residents in such societies cannot read or write, there is little point in publishing written laws to govern their conduct. Instead, societal disputes in primitive societies are resolved informally, through appeal to unwritten maxims of fairness or popularly accepted modes of behavior. Litigants present their claims orally in most primitive societies, and judges announce their decisions in the same fashion. The governing body in primitive societies typically enforces the useful traditions that are widely practiced in the community, while those practices that are novel or harmful fall into disuse or are discouraged. Much of INTERNATIONAL LAW is a form of primitive unwritten law. For centuries the RULES OF WAR governing hostilities between belligerents consisted of a body of unwritten law. While some of these rules have been codified by international bodies such as the UNITED NATIONS, many have not. For example, retaliatory reprisals against acts of TERRORISM by a foreign government are still governed by unwritten customs in the international community. Each nation also retains discretion in formulating a response to the aggressive acts of a neighboring state.
In the final analysis, Congress has charged the Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) with the protection of the environment, and Congress has also enacted legislation concerning the environment, such as the Clean Air Act and the Clean Water Act. It is up to the EPA to enforce those laws as created by Congress. Congress has also allowed the EPA to create its own regulations to enforce legislation Congress has enacted. For example, if Congress enacted legislation that mandated that all motor vehicle emissions be reduced by 30% by 2010 and authorized the EPA to determine how to achieve such a goal, the EPA would write specific regulations to ensure compliance with the law. These regulations would then have the full force of federal law behind them. States have similar administrative agencies.