Which Aspects of Latin American History and Cultural Formations Are Reflected in Calle 13’s Video Latinoamérica?
While its counterparts kept riding on that thumping mix of Spanish rap and Caribbean beats known as reggaeton, Calle 13 experimented with sounds from across the Latin world, collaborating with rock bands such as Mexico's Cafe Tacvba, or Panamanian salsa legend Ruben Blades.
Mitchell & Joe R. Feagin). This means that voters have the ability to elect officials that may reflect or at least be responsive to their views. The inability to vote consequently renders a person voiceless, relegating them to the societal periphery. The hope is that the music of Calle 13 may provide a voice, or a hidden transcript, for Latinos who would otherwise be silenced by laws and policies that disenfranchise them.
Theresa A. Martinez, Image of the “Socially Disinherited”: Inner-City Youth in Rap Music, 10 J.L. & FAM. STUDIES 111, 119 (2007)
Bonnie L. Mitchell & Joe R. Feagin, America’s Racial-Ethnic Cultures: Opposition within a Mythical Melting Pot, in TOWARD THE MULTICULTURAL UNIVERSITY 65, 68–69
Ana Henderson, Citizenship, Voting, and Asian American Political Engagement, 3 U.C. IRVINE L. REV. 1077, 1084–89 (2013)
Myrna Pérez, Voter Purges, BRENNAN CTR. FOR JUSTICE, 1 (2008)