The Sun Had Set on One Imperial Power (In the Pacific) While on Another Yet, the Sun Was Still Rising
Russia’s disastrous war against Japan in 1904-5 was an attempt to extend her imperial reach into Korea and northern China.
Before 1914 financial imperialism very often remained multinational despite governmental attempts to nationalize it. Banks viewed these projects as commercial opportunities and were unconcerned with national prestige. Many governments were not even informed about the activities of “their” banks, although in general they were aware that many firms did not follow the respective “national” aims, but were mainly interested in earning money (Robinson, Ronald, 1953).
Imposition of eastern values was also tantamount to accepting superiority of European civilization. The effects are still felt to this day.
Barth, Boris / Osterhammel, Jürgen (ed.): Zivilisierungsmissionen. Imperiale Weltverbesserung seit dem 18. Jahrhundert, Konstanz 2005.
Morris, Andrew J.: The Scaremongers. The Advocacy of War and Rearmament 1896-1914, London 1984.
Kennedy, Paul: The Rise of the Anglo-German Antagonism 1860-1914, London 1982.
Robinson, Ronald / Gallagher, John: The Imperialism of Free Trade, in: Economic History Review 6, 1953, pp. 1-15; Louis, W. M. Roger: Imperialism. The Robinson and Gallagher Controversy, New York 1976.