Survey Questions to Assess a Population Health Issue
With many issues regarding public health, a major concerning factor that can impact other facets and issues can stem from mental health. Surveying mental health diagnosed individuals, as well as those who feel that they need additional aid can help identify and support those needs. Measuring the quality of the state of the individual is the most pressing need (compared to statistical data in this case), so the use of qualitative data research methods will be addressed in the survey questions. Mental health and mental health related illnesses (diagnosis) are relatively common in the United States. With nearly 1 in every 5 adults with some sort of mental health illness, the need for a proper qualitative approach can assist some of these diagnosis in their own individualistic ways. (1) With nearly 46 million Americans 18 and over with a mental health illness (22% female, 15% male), it is important to create a survey specific questionnaire to determine the approach needed as well as the assisting programs that may be required if qualified. The participants in our survey research program will follow and respond to a series of qualitative questions. Additionally, the questions will relate to scenarios, situations, and how they can trigger or relate to mental health and stressor concerns. With consent from each participant, we will gather our research from those who are any gender, but 18 and over in age. Additionally, prior to the research questionnaire, we will utilize HIPAA to protect our participants and their previous mental health history. It will be important to understand prior hospitalizations, counseling, medication management, and other treatment methods that were once utilized.
The first set of questions will relate to activities of daily living. With each situation listed, a level of stressor will be attached by numerical form. Also, there will be comments added to create an individualistic and qualitative process.
Comments per questions
The next set of questions would utilize a likert scale and will focus on those who received prior assistance. This set of questions can also be used for those who believe they require the assistance or have a curiosity of habilitation programs
The third question of my survey would address the individualistic aspect of mental health. Individual goals and guidance are important, as everyone battles a different challenge in their daily living. Using a nominal scale will address the mindset of the individual, and then can clarify additionally for specific goals to create off their answers. These can include:
All these mental health (2) surveys completed by the World Health Organization carries a similar tone. With a diagnostic view, the WHO creates surveys to analyze and track routines of those who participate in these surveys. The WHO carries through an epidemiological view.
Nimh.nih.gov. 2020. NIMH » Mental Illness Kessler. Nih. Gov 2009 NIMH The WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys
High Blood Pressure Survey
High blood pressure is one of the major factors that can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. Supporting a patients’ adherence to their medication regimens could possibly help improve the blood pressure readings to those who have been diagnosed with high blood pressure. Often there are issues with patients being unable to afford their medications, therefore not taking them as directed – maybe taking half the recommended dose to lengthen out the prescription, only taking medications every other day, or not taking the medications at all due to financial problems or simply forgetting.
In this survey, I would like to find out the root causes patients do not take their medications as directed. Preferably, participants would be referred by their physician within the office and will fill out the survey during an office visits (perhaps while the patient is waiting for the physician to come into the room). On the survey, there will not be any place for name or date of birth so participants remain anonymous. After filling out the survey, participants will drop them into a locked box in the front of the office by the checkout that is easily visible and accessible.
Two out of three of the questions are closed-ended questions with the final question having an opportunity to explain why someone does not take their medications if it is not already listed.
Three survey questions to assess a participant’s blood pressure medication regimen would be:
1. 1. Do you take medication to lower your blood pressure?
No --> If No, Stop Survey
I do not know
2. 2. Do you take your blood pressure medication as directed by your doctor?
Yes --> If Yes, Stop Survey
I do not know
3. 3. If you do NOT take your blood pressure medication as directed, please explain why:
I cannot afford them
The medication(s) are not easily available
I do not like the side effects of the medication
I do not like to take medications
I only take the medications when I feel like I need it
I forget to take them
I do not know
Other (please explain): ___________________________________
Control high blood pressure. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. https://www.cdc.gov/sixeighteen/bloodpressure/index.htm. Updated October 4, 2018. Accessed September 29, 2020.
Bovet P, Burnier M, Madeleine G, Waeber B, Paccaud F. Monitoring one-year compliance to antihypertension medication in the Seychelles. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2002;80(1):33-39. https://www.who.int/bulletin/archives/80(1)33.pdf. Accessed September 29, 2020.
Jacobsen KH. Questionnaire development. In: Jacobsen KH. Introduction to health research methods a practical guide. 2nd edition. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2017:129-144.