How Do Diseases Affect Racial Discrimination Note
In particular, while intersectionality has become a prominent feature of the sociological study of gender, it is seldom applied to other areas of research.
They exist for the onset of disease, as well as the severity and course of illness. Socioeconomic status (SES)—whether measured by income, education, occupational status, or wealth—is a strong predictor of variations in health and has often been viewed as the driver of racial inequities in health. Research finds that although SES predicts variations in health status within each racial group, racial disparities persist at every level of SES.There is a large and growing body of empirical evidence indicating self‐reports of discrimination are race‐related aspects of social experience that can have negative effects on health. This paper provides an overview of research on self‐reported discrimination and health, as well as health care utilization. It begins by situating research on racial discrimination and health within the larger context of research on racism and health. Importantly, self‐reported experiences of discrimination are one mechanism by which racism affects health, and these exposures can be best understood and effectively addressed within the context of the role of racism in health. The paper then highlights key findings in this burgeoning literature.
Persons with lower SES experience higher morbidity and mortality than those with higher SES. As discussed in a previous column, race and ethnicity are often used as a proxy for SES with minority status as a stand-in for low SES to demonstrate the relationship to higher mortality rates. However, it is important to note that racial minorities are more likely to have higher mortality rates than their majority counterparts not because of race or ethnicity, per se, but because racial/ethnic minorities experience low SES (Flaskerud & DeLilly, 2012). Why would this be so? According to Jonathan Mann (1998), discrimination against racial/ethnic minorities is at the root of their low social and economic status. Furthermore, he said that discrimination, violation of human rights, and lack of resources are primary pathogenic forces in creating health disparities (Mann, 1998).
We need to be able to manage overt bigotry safely, learn from it, and educate others. These themes need to be a part of medical education, as well as institutional policy. We need to practice and model tolerance, respect, open-mindedness, and peace for each other.
Duke Medicine News & Communication “John Henryism” key to understanding coping, health; Conference of the American Psychosomatic Society; Denver, CO. 2006, March 4
Flaskerud JH, DeLilly CR. Social determinants of health status. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2012;33(7):494–497.
Jones CP. Levels of racism: A theoretic framework and a gardener’s tale. American Journal of Public Health. 2000;90(8):1212–1215.