“What Explains Cross-City Variation in Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? Evidence From 438 U.S. Cities” by Karen Clay, Joshua Lewis, and Edson Severnin: What Is the General Question That the Article Is Trying to Answer?
The influenza of that season, however, was far more than a cold. In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world's population was infected. The flu was most deadly for people ages 20 to 40. This pattern of morbidity was unusual for influenza which is usually a killer of the elderly and young children. It infected 28% of all Americans (Tice). An estimated 675,000 Americans died of influenza during the pandemic, ten times as many as in the world war. Of the U.S. soldiers who died in Europe, half of them fell to the influenza virus and not to the enemy (Deseret News). An estimated 43,000 servicemen mobilized for WWI died of influenza (Crosby). 1918 would go down as unforgettable year of suffering and death and yet of peace.
He was assigned to the duty with the Medical Division of the Council of the Washington, D.C. In 1918, the mobilization of many soldiers during World War I brought into the country a mysterious virus. Different Camps were opened up during the war; soldiers were to travel frequently and when they return to the camps, it was in a filthy condition. Dr. Vaughan was assigned to find out where the virus was coming from. In a camp known by the name of “Camp Devens,” 11 ½ million Americans were sent across the Atlantic during the war, most of them from Kansas. When it was time for them to return, they did it carrying some kind of virus. All of a sudden American soldiers, English soldiers, French, and German, became sick. It was like the microbe mutated and spread in a matter of days.
For other countries, they installed “thermal scanners” in key entrances to the country such as airports and ports to detect the temperature of incoming and outgoing passengers. A passenger with body temperature reaching 100 degrees Fahrenheit becomes subjected to further screening. In Egypt, the government ordered the immediate slaughtering of pigs since the virus can originate from swines. Pork imports, especially those coming from the US, Canada, and Mexico discontinued importation due to the pandemic (Zimmer, Shanta and Donald Burke, 2009).
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