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Compare and Contrast Chattel Slavery, Using American Plantation-Based Slavery as the Paradigm, With Modern Human Trafficking

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Human trafficking can include, but does not require, movement

People may be considered trafficking victims regardless of whether they were born into a state of servitude, were exploited in their home town, were transported to the exploitative situation, previously consented to work for a trafficker, or participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked. At the heart of this phenomenon is the traffickers’ aim to exploit and enslave their victims and the myriad coercive and deceptive practices they use to do so.

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Transatlantic slavery was a centuries-long international trade in people and their labor, spanning from the early 1500s to the 1880s. Since the end of transatlantic slavery in 1888, nation-states and international institutions have legally recognized and been committed to protecting the fundamental rights of human beings. In light of these promised protections, resurgence in the enslavement of human beings would seem impossible. However, that resurgence has been documented worldwide in the form of human trafficking. Indeed, an analysis of the economic roots and structure of the two forms of exploitation reveals that modern trafficking in human beings is as interconnected with, and central to, contemporary domestic and global economies as the transatlantic trade and slavery were to their contemporaneous economic systems.The UN Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery first raised the issue of sex tourism in its 1978 report, and the existence of international sex markets became generally known through media reports and other information channels soon thereafter.16 However, it was not until the 1990s that modern human trafficking first began to fully engage the consciousness of Western legislators and the public in general. A perceived growth in the buying and selling of human beings followed the collapse and dissolution of the Soviet Union. Media and other reports disseminated frightening statistics and horrific tales of the purchase and sale of women and young girls from the former Soviet Union, in particular, into Western Europe. The images of forced sexual slavery on a large scale created alarm that spread around the world. Growing numbers of victims were said to be enslaved by modern-day traffickers. Tricked by schemes offering employment abroad or other prospects of fruitful economic opportunity—or simply sold by parents or other authority figures—countless men, women, and children around the world were being subjected to sexual or other exploitation without compensation. Victims were deprived of their freedom of movement, raped, beaten, and violated in various ways through the mechanisms of violence, force, psychological abuse, and fraud. By the late 1990s, conventional knowledge held, based on varying statistical sources, that up to 4 million people were being trafficked annually across national borders. These numbers included 50,000 persons who were said to be trafficked annually into the United States and 27 million individuals who were alleged to be held in some form of involuntary servitude or peonage.

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There is a need for all bodies concerned to come up with appropriate strategies to end the cotemporary slavery that has taken the form of human trafficking. Among the measures to be exercised include; Establishing and empowering grassroots movements to educate the public about human trafficking in the most vulnerable areas. Such movements are well known for educating the public concerning the matter and enhancing public awareness on human trafficking considerably. They should be well structured with relevant policies and well funded to realize their objective

They should work with other related bodies and concerned governments to be more effective (Warren par. 4). The second resolution that needs to be undertaken to curtail human trafficking is to enforce both the local and international laws that regulate human trafficking.It is ironical that despite the presence of four international treaties that burn slavery, slavery is still very prevalent globally. Thus, the enforcement of both the local and international treaty will help greatly to fight slavery. This is because governments concerned have a lot of power to fight the human trafficking menace (Aaronson par. 5). Another solution that can assist greatly to fight the menace is the use of product identification strategy whereby products that are manufacture without the use of slave labor are identified and given special label to differentiate them from the rest. This will help consumer understand the history of the products they are about to purchase and make informed decision (Ending Modern Slavery 6). In conclusion it is apparent that the contemporary slavery will end when firms accepts not to relay on supplies produced by slave labor. These companies will also expose their rival companies that may use the exploitative slave labor to reduce their cost of production to help them offer them at a lesser cost. In addition both the developed and developing countries require establishing strategies that will ensure that there is equal opportunity for all in terms of education, employment and power. It is only this process that wills guarantee the word a society free of slavery.

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To conclude, modern day slavery is an American problem. It does not discriminate like antebellum slavery. We are all potential victims. As has been established, the vulnerable among us are most at risk. Let us come together to accept our shared history, replete with atrocity, and actively strive towards equality. Let us strengthen ourselves by helping each other to become less vulnerable, and therefore less susceptible to being trafficked. Cornel West once said, “You can’t lead the people if you don’t love the people. You can’t save the people if you don’t serve the people.” Let us all try harder to lead and love, and to save and serve.

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Aaronson, Susan. “Can Fight Modern Slavery”. Tom Paine. Commonsense.2008.Web.

Brinkley, Joel. “U.S. Report Details Modern ‘Slave’ Trade.” Milwaukee Journal Sentinal. 02 Apr. 2000, final ed.: 55A

“Ending Modern Slavery.” The Christian Science Monitor 01 Oct. 1993.

“Modern Slavery: People for Sale” US Government Info.2011. 17 May 2011.

Warren, Andrew. “Iniquity: Modern Slavery”. The rational argumentator. A journal for Western Man.20 June 2003.

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