Business Ethics 5 Cases
1. Maddie Coleman worked as a security guard at a hospital for two years before she resigned from her job because, she claims, she was subject to repeated discriminatory behavior. Maddie is a gay woman who chooses to wear clothing that is more traditionally associated with male guards. In addition to the uniform, she wears men's shoes, does not wear makeup and keeps her hair cut short. While at work, two of her co-workers repeatedly made jokes about her shoes and hair. She also claims that she was passed over for a promotion, even though she had more experience and a better work record than the security guard who was promoted. Evaluate whether Maddie can bring a successful claim under Title VII for sexual discrimination and sexual orientation discrimination.
2. Barry Whitlock is a physician who owns his own practice with seven employees. One of them recently was diagnosed with breast cancer and must undergo a series of treatments, including chemotherapy. Barry would like to do everything he can to support his employee through this time, including making it possible for her to continue to work for the practice. However, Barry is worried about the costs of accommodating all of the challenges that his employee might face as she goes through treatment. If you were Barry's attorney, what would you tell him about what the ADA requires him to do with respect to this employee's disability?
3. West Jersey State University has determined that it desires greater diversity on its campus amongst its faculty. In order to meet this goal, the administration would like to institute a policy that 25% of new hires every year be persons of color. Assume you were hired as a legal consultant to advise WJSU regarding the constitutionality of its proposed hiring policy. Explain whether the policy is unconstitutional and why. If it is unconstitutional, what framework should WJSU use in order to design a policy that falls within the bounds of the Constitution?
4. Bennie Hardy is the owner of a large bakery. The floors of the bakery are constantly slippery due to various ingredients that drop on the floor throughout the day and his employees slip and fall on a regular basis. Recently, two of his employees broke their wrists when they fell, which he reported to OSHA. If you were an OSHA inspector sent to investigate these incidents to determine if Bennie's company had violated the General Duty Clause, explain what standard you would use to make this determination and what additional information you would want to know to make this determination.
5. Colortrue Paint Company has opened a manufacturing plant in a developing country in Africa because the low cost of labor and limited regulations in that country will cut its paint production costs by 50%. The paint manufacturing process exposes workers to several hazards due to chemical exposure, some of which can lead to premature death. In the United States, various safety precautions are required to operate paint manufacturing plants and these precautions are quite costly. Instead of using these precautions at its new plant, Colortrue is instead providing clear written warnings to its workers that they will be exposed to harmful chemicals. List the six factors that Henry Shue identifies as being necessary for a cost to be considered a true harm and indicate whether they are present at Colortrue's new paint manufacturing plant in Africa.
6. The Resposibilitee Company, which sells tee shirts, is planning to open a new manufacturing plant in South America. In order to uphold its commitment to being a socially responsible corporation, the company wants to ensure that the plant complies with the Workers Rights Consortium Code of Conduct. List and briefly explain at least five requirements that will have to be met at the company's new plant in order to comply with the Workers Rights Consortium Code of Conduct.