Security narrative A narrative based on collective memory is difficult to deconstruct and functions as a barrier to negotiations. Given that narratives play an important role in determining the flow of the negotiations and that every new generation on both sides is raised with this narrative of insecurity in mind, the gap of conflict is widened through a hardening of attitudes amplified by the delay of resolving the stalemate.
There are prominent international actors involved in the conflict.The origins of the Palestine problem as an international issue lie in events occurring towards the end of the First World War. These events led to a League of Nations decision to place Palestine under the administration of Great Britain as the Mandatory Power under the Mandates System adopted by the League. In principle, the Mandate was meant to be in the nature of a transitory phase until Palestine attained the status of a fully independent nation, a status provisionally recognized in the League’s Covenant, but in fact the Mandate’s historical evolution did not result in the emergence of Palestine as an independent nation.In 1978, due to rising Hezbollah attacks from South Lebanon, where many Palestinian refugees still were, Israel attacked and invaded Lebanon. In 1982, Israel went as far up Lebanon as Beirut, as bloody exchanges followed between Israeli attempts to bomb Yasser Arafat’s PLO locations, and Hezbollah retaliations. The infamous Shabra and Shatila massacre was carried out during this war. In 1985, Israel declared a strip of South Lebanon to be a Security Zone (not recognized by the UN). Many civilians were killed on both sides. Israeli forces were accused of massacres on many occasions. After 22 years, Israel withdrew in May 2000. One of the leading Israeli military personnel was the future Israel Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon.
Several relationships like that of a slave master came into existence. Obviously, Rousseau pointed out at the unguided selfishness as the sole source of woes that face man today. Rousseau warned of people that have been the architects of injustices in the society. In the same page of the article, Rousseau wrote that Beware of listening to this impostor; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody (Rousseau, 2). The Israel Palestinian conflict is based on the very foundation and the source woes that face man in this world. Partitioning of land and development of status quo coupled with cultural incongruence has worsened this conflict (Riordon & Riordon, 2011, p.24). In the heart of conflict is Israel which advocates for creation of a separate state of Jews and on other hand is the Palestinians who are predominantly Muslim backed by other Muslim brothers in opposing the move to partition the Palestinian country into two. (Orr, 1994, p.34) The conflict was simply brought by differences in culture, religion and demarcation of what is considered as personal property. Palestinians argue that the land on which the state of Israel is situated belongs to their country while Israelis believes that they are in the land to where they belong- the land of their ancestors. The conflict as encompasses more than just hatred between Palestinian and Israel. After a series of subjugation, persecution and killings of Jews in Diaspora, Jews at home saw that there was a need to return home those who were in other parts of the world especially in Europe. This conflict has created a stalemate with no side wanting to back down on their claims. Israel with its ego cannot accept being in the same country with majority Muslims. Muslim too felt that Palestine is their land and could not stomach the situation where Israelites from the Diaspora could come and shelter in. (Smith & Kelly, 1993, p.6). As the writer indicates, our own beliefs and culture are the one that sometimes brings woes to human life. He goes further to state that all human institutions seem at first glance to be founded merely on banks of shifting sand. It is only by taking a closer look, and removing the dust and sand that surround the edifice, that we perceive the immovable basis on which it is raised (Rousseau 1754, p.10) In accordance to the philosophical beliefs of Rousseau, this conflict can first be solved if the involved parties in the conflict summons an effort of going deep into the matter with no bias of inclination to any of the side of their beliefs culture or religion. It is where they need to trace back to the very basic need of humanity. They should try as much as possible to prevent their beliefs and culture from hindering them to see the importance of peace.
These historians are just as divided as the people living in the region. The lack of compromise and understanding has made the historiography divided on the lines of Pro-Israel and ProPalestine.
Riordon, M., & Riordon, M. Our way to fight: Israeli and Palestinian activists for peace. Chicago, Ill: Lawrence Hill Books. 2011.
Orr, A. Israel: Politics, myths, and identity crises. London: Pluto Press.1994.
Smith, C. A., & Kelly, K. Palestinian crises and Christians. Edinburgh: Jointly published by] The Centre for the study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, and Lothian Regional Council Dept. of Education. 1993
Rousseau, J.-J., & Bair, L. The essential Rousseau: The social contract, Discourse on the origin of inequality, Discourse on the arts and sciences, The creed of a Savoyard priest. New York: New American Library. 1974.
Rousseau, J.-J. A discourse on inequality. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books.1754