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Specific Problems, Issues, Policy Interventions/Implications (Current and Historical) That Have Had an Impact/Are Impacting Latino Communities in the US

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Hispanics are considered a single minority group arising in the United States which certainly as the name suggests being a product of the Spanish. It is evident that Spanish environment is dominated in such territories hence the high level of discrimination against them the American people are afraid of such small tribes to being very strong communities not only in politics but also power and economic development which directly poses a threat towards their growth as a nation. There are those intense factors that have facilitated discrimination of this community in the US, for instance Media presentations, Linguistic point of view and residence legality. As a result of this, the type of discrimination being embraced by this small community includes lack of proper health care, victims of hatred and oppression, lack of proper rental-housing and lack of health insurance.

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What are the grand challenges of the 21st Century for the world and specifically for Latin America? Of all the things going wrong, what should we be most worried about? In this essay, we begin by describing what we contend are the most critical global challenges, and then analyze how these will play out in the region that we are studying, Latin America. The most obvious unravelling that we face is that of the environment. Because of global climate change, resource depletion, and general environmental destruction, the rules that have governed our planet, and which have been the underlying basis of our society, are changing faster than we can appreciate, with consequences we cannot imagine. Results could be as dramatic as flooded cities or as trivial as increased turbulence on transoceanic flights. Highly populated areas of the world will become possibly uninhabitable and the resources on which modernity depends will become rarer and more expensive. Conflict may become more and more fueled by scarcity, and our ability to cooperate globally curtailed by an impulse to find solace within the smaller tribe. As we reach various tipping points, the question is no longer how to stop climate change, but how to adjust to new rules and limits. While it might not make for as exciting a screenplay, the modern world also has to fear man-made risks in other forms. Today, practically every human is somehow dependent on the continued flow of money, goods, culture, and people that we collectively call globalization. This process has brought about unimaginable abundance for many, but with tremendous costs in terms of our global sense of community as well as to the environment. That plenty is also purchased with an ever-greater fragility of our basic systems of nutrition, finance, and energy. More than ever in the history of humanity, we depend on other distant parts of the world to do their part, whether it is producing the food we eat, running the ships in which it travels with expensive refrigeration, and accepting some form of global payment that keeps the machine flowing. But no machine is perfect. As we make our systems more complex and we link each part tighter, we become subject to the possibility of the very web unraveling and leaving us isolated unprepared for autarky. Much of these systems depend on functioning institutions. In an interesting paradox, the globalized system depends more than ever on rules and organizations able to enforce them. Markets need states to safeguard them and this is as true in the 21st C. as it was in the 16th. The increased risk of environmental and public health catastrophes also makes the coordinating functions of state more evident. Levees will not build and maintain themselves. Private actors will not control epidemics through individual incentives. Even as they have lost some of their autonomy to global forces, states remain critical for assuring the delivery of services, for controlling violence, and for certifying personal identities. Yet contemporary states live in a paradox: as they are hemmed in by forces out of their control, the demands placed on them grow exponentially

So, as globalization re-distributes work and income throughout the world, citizens demand more protection from their governments. The question of “Who Rules?” remains critical for any social system, from the individual city to the global web.

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Latin culture seems to be tightly related to the modern US society. It seems that the Americans have long got used to Latinos who have merely become the real Americans themselves. Nonetheless, there are still many complications in these relationships. Due to various reasons, Latin people find it difficult to become part of American culture. Latin people wish to be accepted by the US community but they meet great opposition, which causes multiple obstacles. Today, we will be hardly surprised by seeing about ten or more nations in one country. Thanks to the process of globalization, economic and political collaboration of various countries, we see many nations living under a single room. It is a common thing and most countries really welcome people from other countries. Though the mentalities are different, they find it interesting and helpful to interact with other nations. Unfortunately, not all people are ready to accept foreigners (Antonio, Flores, 2017). Thus, many citizens of the United States of America are strongly against the inflow of people from Latin America. The issue of racism seems to be eternal for the US nation and such nations as Latinos greatly suffer due to this fact. Latinos, who are called Hispanics, always struggle in their motherland. They started to travel to the USA long ago to find better conditions for themselves. Within time, they decided to remain living on the US territory forever. They have become an inevitable part of the local culture. It can be plainly seen in many spheres of life. For example, Latin music is more popular in the USA than country and similar music genres, which are typical for the Americans. Nonetheless, many Hispanics claim that they are not accepted by the American natives. It’s quite strange for many people. There are millions of Hispanics who were born in the USA. This makes them the true citizens of the country. Regardless of this indisputable fact, they meet strong opposition from other citizens. The Americans don’t want to accept them. Undoubtedly, it induces a lot of problems. People openly struggle with one another

This may be some cultural resistance without any fighting. Many Hispanics are deprived of the rights ensured by the government and state. Sometimes, they cannot even prove that. Moreover, many debates turn into fighting and even killing. What are the reasons? The first point that occurs to the mind is intolerance to other nations. In other words, people face the racism issue. The Latin nation simply wishes to get in touch with the people who lived on the territory since ancient times. The statistic shows that by the year 2050 one-third of the youth population (under 18 years) will be Latino children. This frightens many white Americans. They claim that due to the process of assimilation with Latino people, they will lose their cultural identity and the US nation will steadily lose its face and will forget the origins. Another reason is associated with the matter of the job. Latin people are so to speak more likely to agree on jobs that are disliked by Americans. Besides, they agree on worse conditions of their job contracts. They may choose a job that offers a bit lower salary. The employers welcome such workers because they can save heaps of money. As a result, many Americans lose their jobs or cannot find any (Barbara Schhneider, Sylvia Martinez, and Ann Ownes, 2006) .

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Finally, it was not their decision to be undocumented

For those who entered the United States illegally as adults, arguably the only sensible and humane solution is an earned legalization program. For example, migrants could accumulate points for learning English, taking civics courses, paying taxes, and having US citizen children. When a specified threshold number of points is reached, they would pay a fine and adjust their status to legal permanent resident. Abundant research has documented that harsher enforcement and rising deportation have not increased the rate of “self-deportation,” but instead have lowered the rate of return migration among the undocumented to record lows. A permanent undocumented population of 11 million can only bring a host of social and economic problems, ones that will worsen the longer an appropriate policy response is deferred.

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Mark, Mather. “Trends and Challenges Facing America’s Latino Children”. Prb.org, https://www.prb.org/trends-and-challenges-facing-americas-latino-children/, Sep. 28, 2016

John Paul, Brammer. “Latinos Are More Than “The Jobs Americans Don’t Want To Do”. Huffpost.com, https://www.huffpost.com/entry/latinos-are-more-than-the_b_8189724, Sep. 24, 2016

Marta, Tienda and Maurice P. During. “Hispanics in America”. Infocusmagazine.org, http://infocusmagazine.org/6.2/bsoc_hispanics_in_america.html, 2006

Antonio, Flores. “How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing”. Pewresearch.org, https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/09/18/how-the-u-s-hispanic-population-is-changing/, Sep. 18, 2017

Marlene, Greenfield. “Hispanic population of the United States in 2017”. Statistica.com, https://www.statista.com/statistics/259850/hispanic-population-of-the-us-by-state/, 2017

Barbara Schhneider, Sylvia Martinez, and Ann Ownes. “6 Barriers to Educational Opportunities for Hispanics in the United States”. Ncbi.nih.gov, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK19909/ , 2006

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