The Social Control Theory
These variables are attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief.
Biological or psychological pushes can be easily linked to how those biological and psychological factors affect people fail to conform the norms of society, such as restlessness, inner tension, aggressiveness and so on. On the contrary, external containment is talking about the surroundings of a person. For instance, how parents or support groups promote right moral values, discipline, enforce the sense of identity and so on. Moreover, inner containment are those invisible stuffs which internalized our self-control; that related to how the goals/ abilities of a person against to commit crime.
In a similar breath, Hirschi would argue that people would refrain from activities that would threaten their employment or marriage. The third is involvement which refers to behavioral investment in lines of action that conventionally preclude one from delinquent acts. This would be said to be related to the opportunity cost associated with how people spend time; so that those who spend time doing mostly pro-social activities will not be found engaging in anti-social activities. The final type of social bond according to Hirschi is belief. This refers to the personal embracement of normative conceptions that are deterrent to delinquent choices (Friedman , J., & Rosenbaum , D., 2008). The degree to which one adheres to the values associated with conforming behavior is, therefore, focused. If one values a particular ideology that pertains to the law then it is unlikely they will engage in it. For example, youths who do not value the notion that it is a bad idea to skip school for no apparent reason will most likely do just that.
The integrate theory can be utilized to implement policies geared towards helping to lessen crime and help in providing a better explanation and understanding of criminal behavior.
Akers, R. L., & Sellers, C. S. (2008). Criminological Theories: Introduction, evaluation and application. New York: Oxford University Press.
Friedman , J., & Rosenbaum , D. (2008). Social control theory: The salience of components by age, gender, and type of crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 2(1), 363-381.
Hirschi , T. (1969). Causes of Delinquency. The Regents of the University of California Press, 250-257. Retrieved from http://www.personal.psu.edu/users/e/x/exs44/406/hirschi_bonds.pdf
Keller, P. (2009). Key Ideas: Hirschis Social Bond/ Social Control. Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice, 4(2). Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/36812_5.pdf
Ozbay, O., & Ozcan, Y. (2006). A Test of Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology