Describe the Career of Miles Davis in the 1960s and Later
(In later years he often spoke of his comfortable upbringing, sometimes to rebuke critics who assumed that a background of poverty and suffering was common to all great jazz artists.) He began studying trumpet in his early teens; fortuitously, in light of his later stylistic development, his first teacher advised him to play without vibrato.
"I have to change," he once said. "It's like a curse."
It certainly provides an example of how electricity was and still is further shaping music, even suggesting a new way of playing for those who would view it that way and not simply as a shortcoming. Musicians have to react to what they are limited to hearing on stage, which is often an odd mix that does not sound the same as what is coming from the main P.A. system, and they must make musical decisions on how to act accordingly (Smith, Christopher, 1995). The idea of playing blindly can then be brought into the studio, and indeed was used by bassists Jaco Pastorius on “Crisis,” the opening track of his 1981 album Word of Mouth.
The two performed a retrospective of Davis's early work, some of which he had not played in public for more than 20 years. Later that same year, on September 28, 1991, Davis succumbed to pneumonia and respiratory failure, dying at the age of 65. Fittingly, his recording with Jones would bring Davis his final Grammy, awarded posthumously in 1993. The honor was just another testament to the musician's profound and lasting influence on jazz.
Mumma, Gordon. "Recording." The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd ed. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed December 18, 2016.
Richardson, Mark. "Brian Eno." Pitchfork, November 1, 2010, accessed December 3, 2016. http://pitchfork.com/features/interview/7875-brian-eno/.
Smith, Christopher. “A Sense of the Possible: Miles Davis and the Semiotics of Improvised Performance.” The Drama Review Vol. 39, No. 3 (Autumn, 1995), pp. 41-55.