The Key Points Involved in the Court Determining the Lawfulness of the Use of Force
If the suspect stops and cooperates, but the officer continues to strike the person repeatedly, this would be understood as “excessive.”But the problem is, these examples are absolute and concrete, and sometimes situations in the real world are not as clear. Most civilian-officer confrontations cannot be placed into such rigid categories. Thus, PERF contends that the use of force continuum is outdated and needs to be revised. They suggest that officers need to be trained to evaluate the entire situation at the moment when police are called, and to start developing a plan even before they arrive on the scene (Rachel Crosby). This way, they can be better prepared to make decisions within the wide range of available options, including defusing a situation without resorting to using excessive force.
Rachel Crosby, “Police rebuild trust in Las Vegas’ Westside, one event at a time,” Las Vegas Review-Journal,
Anthony A. Braga and Desiree Dusseault, Can Police Improve Homicide Clearance Rates?, Harvard Kennedy School Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston, 2017