Discuss the Cultural Orientations Native American Tribes (Pueblo) in Northern New Mexico and How These Cultural Values Impact the Tribal Economy
The missionaries traveled to this new territory to bring their faith to the Native American peoples, and they converted many. However, Native beliefs and customs persevered and became intertwined with those brought by the Spanish colonists.
They also created pits in the ground that were used for food storage. Storage pits were often lined and capped in order to aid in food preservation, to prevent vermin infestation, and to prevent injuries. The Basketmaker III period (also called the Modified Basketmaker period) is marked by the increasing importance of agriculture, including the introduction of bean crops and the domestication of turkeys. To support their agricultural pursuits and increasing population, the people built irrigation structures such as reservoirs and check dams, low stone walls used to slow the flow of rivulets and streams in an area, increasing soil moisture and decreasing erosion. Hunting and gathering continued, although in supplementary roles; an increasingly sedentary way of life coincided with the widespread use of pottery. Basketmaker III people resided in relatively deep semisubterranean houses that were located in caves or on mesa tops.
Geographic and water data were collected from various sources to create a unique data set across selected western U.S. tribal nations.Differences between the Midwest and the Southwest related to casino operations are statistically significant at a one percent level. The Midwest region, which has no tribes in this study with quantified water rights, has the highest rates of casino operations. These regional differences likely involve political and economic factors not analyzed in this study. For example, higher rainfall in the Midwest leads to less dependence on securing irrigation water to sustain reservation agriculture, hence less pressure to quantify water rights. Tribal nations in different regions have faced different political dynamics with respect to both gaming and water rights (Chief, K., A.).
Brougher, C. 2011. Indian Reserved Water Rights Under the Winters Doctrine: An Overview. Congressional Research Service. Available at: http://nationalaglawcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/assets/crs/RL32198.pdf. Accessed February 28, 2018.
Chief, K., A. Meadow, and K. Whyte. 2016. Engaging southwestern tribes in sustainable water resources topics and management. Water 8(8): 350. DOI: 10.3390/w8080350. Accessed February 28, 2018.
Colby, B.G., J. Thorson, and S. Britton. 2005. Tribal Water Rights: Negotiating the Future. Tucson: U of Arizona Press.
Davis, J.J., V.J. Roscigno, and G. Wilson. 2015. American Indian poverty in the contemporary United States. Sociology Forum 31(1): 5– 28.