Examine the Role of Risk Management Within the Homeland Security Enterprise
This is something that is inevitable as we are faced within a definite variety of threats. One way to grade or rank threats is through worst-case analysis. As this analysis can be used for worst-case scenarios the federal government cannot leave out lower ranking situations.
Compounding this complexity is the fact that future trends — such as technological advancements, global climate change, asymmetric threats, and the evolving nature of Nation-states — have the potential to significantly alter the homeland security risk landscape in unexpected ways. Yet such emerging trends hold promise as well as peril and should be understood and managed.
Risk management applications include: strategic planning,capabilities-based planning, resource decisions, operational planning, exercise planning, real-world events, and, research and development. These applications ease the transitions in thedecision making process (Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Report). Strategic planning develops analytical driven, high-impact productsthat improve DHS and homeland security enterprise strategic direction, integration, and decision-making. Organizations need to beable to understand risks in order to be able to cross level their capabilities. Operational planninginvolves the coordination and planning works to deter, detect, and prevent terrorist acts bycoordinating the work of federal, state, territorial, tribal, local, and private sector partners and by collecting and fusing information from a variety of sources. Through this step in the riskmanagement process, organizations are better informed on the scenarios that are more likely tocause the most harm, what the ramifications would be, what risks need special attention, whatactions must be planned for, and which resources to allocate (Risk Management Fundamentals). Exercise planning within riskmanagements is used to identify those scenarios that are most likely to happen and come up with possible exercises that would reduce the risk on these threats. Real-world events bringunderstanding of the risks of different threats and hazards to critical assets, geographic arts, and population centers during crisis. This helps decision makers weigh potential courses of action. Lastly, the research and development application within risk management is an analysis thatidentifies flaws with established policies or programs and produces solutions to those flaws.
Decentralization of homeland security risk management to states with the application of Intelligence-Led Risk Management through the network of fusion centers will promote collaboration and yield a stronger risk management culture within the homeland security enterprise.
Office or Strategy, Planning, Analysis and Risk. Homeland Security.https://www.dhs.gov/strategy-planning-analysis-and-risk (accessed August 17, 2014).
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Report. Homeland Security.http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/qhsr_report.pdf (accessed August 17, 2014).
Risk Management Fundamentals. The Department of Homeland Security.https://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/rma-risk-management-fundamentals.pdf