Focus Group Article Analysis
1. Include the title of the article using correct APA format.
2. What is the purpose of the study? Put another way, what is the key research question(s)?
3. Summarize the reviewed literature. If a theory is examined, please state the theory’s major tenets. If the study is a-theoretical and thus more exploratory, please describe that.
4. Please describe the methods used in your study. How do you know it was a focus group study?
5. How did the researcher(s) represent the participants in this study? How were the participants chosen for the research? This includes identifying the method of sampling as probability or non-probability. Explain some key characteristics of the study sample (age, gender, ethnicity, etc.).
6. Qualitative research uses data analysis techniques such as, but not limited to, thematic content analysis and open coding. What did the researcher(s) do to analyze data of
your chosen qualitative study?
7. Assessing the quality of measurement of variables is essential in all types of research.
In qualitative research, this is often referenced as the “trustworthiness” of the data (Guba, 1981). Common techniques used to assess the trustworthiness of the data in a qualitative study include triangulation and “member checking.” For your study, please discuss the techniques the authors used to establish the trustworthiness of the
measurement of the variables in your selected study.
8. What are the key study results?
9. Depth of inquiry and/or observation is often a feature of qualitative research. The depth of inquiry of qualitative research often generates new ideas, insights, and ways of viewing a topic or issue – sometimes qualitative research even generates new
theory. Describe new ideas, conceptualizations, and/or theory (if any) that this research study generated.
10. To what degree can the results be applied beyond the study sample? In quantitative research this is described as “generalizability”, while in qualitative research this concept is known as “transferability.” Please describe your understanding of the transferability of the results of your study. In other words, to what populations, groups, and/or settings (if any) do you think this study’s findings can be transferred? Discuss cautions and/or limitations regarding transferability.
11. Assess strengths and limitations of the study design that have not been addressed in your responses to prior questions.
12. Identify recommendations made by the author for future research, practice, and/or policy initiatives.