Why Is It Difficult to Separate Semantics From Pragmatics in Linguistics?
It was also regarded as a separate enterprise with different object of study.
If semantics is the study of thesign-designatum relation, it must remain silent about the linguistic meanings of thoseexpressions whose function is not to stand for something. According to Morris, theseinclude prepositions, affixes, quantifiers and logical connectives, all of which indicate(but not designate) syntactic relations to other signs in the language, as well as adverbs,such as ‘fortunately’ or ‘certainly’, which indicate (but again, do not designate) pragmaticrelations involving the users of the sign (Perry, John (1986). Indexicals are also not dealt with in semantics,although Morris’s exact views are a bit hard to pin down. At one point Morris claims thatwithin the sentence ‘That white horse runs slowly,’ spoken in an actual situation withindexical gestures “‘that’ in combination with the indexical gesture serves as an indexicalsign” (Morris, Charles (1938). This seems to suggest that the demonstrative pronoun by itself is not a sign at all.In a later work, however, he is willing to say that “terms such as ‘it’, ‘this’, ‘I’, ‘now’ are[…] singular signs like “proper names” but differing from proper names in that what theydenote varies with the circumstances of production of the individual sign-vehicles of thesign-families to which they belong.
Morris, Charles (1946) Signs, Language, and Behavior. New York: Prentice Hall.
Neale, Stephen (1992) ‘Paul Grice and the philosophy of language.’ Linguistics andPhilosophy 15: 509 – 559.
Nunberg, Geoffrey (1993) ‘Indexicality and deixis.’ Linguistics and Philosophy 16: 1 –43.Perry, John (1986) ‘Thought Without Representation.’ Supplementary Proceedings of theAristotelian Society 60: 137 – 152.
Recanati, Francois (2001) ‘What is said.’ Synthese 128: 75 – 91