Rational Snacking: Young Children’s Decision-Making on the Marshmallow Task Is Moderated by Beliefs About Environmental Reliability
These commonalities may contribute to the observed long-term correlations.
She recalls reading about the predictive power of these earlier experiments years ago and finding it ""depressing."" At the time she was volunteering at a homeless shelter for families in Santa Ana, California. ""There were lots of kids staying there with their families. Everyone shared one big area, so keeping personal possessions safe was difficult,"" she says. ""When one child got a toy or treat, there was a real risk of a bigger, faster kid taking it away. I read about these studies and I thought, 'All of these kids would eat the marshmallow right away.' "
This followed in the second study by finding minimal differences between one or the other of the non-delay groups and the delay group, which this analysis indicates are associated with working memory and attention, and impulsivity and externalizing behavior, taken together to mean that not only does compliance have influence on the exercising of self-regulation, but self-regulation can influence the ability to comply. Furthermore, this analysis supported a long established and growing literature, which finds that controlling parenting beliefs and harsh discipline are negatively correlated with both compliance and self-regulation. Together, these findings have implications for both behavior problems and discipline policies in schools, beginning with preschool.
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