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Aviation Security Operations in Airlines and Airports

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The travel and tourism industry is constantly subjected to change both internal and external. Changes in American foreign policy and the invasion of Iraq have caused an increase in terrorism and terrorist events, such as September 11th 2001 which have caused significant changes in air travel and passengers perception of safety. As a result, airport screening and travel safety regulations have undergone scrupulous changes. The findings, which were taken from an online survey of 200 respondents, sub-categorised as industry employees, frequent travellers and casual travellers revealed that respondent’s perception to safety in air travel was of concern. Although they felt security was important there was a need to improve upon screening methods to speed up wait time at checkpoints while ensuring screening was sufficient to deter possible terrorist attacks. The study looked at a number of personal factors, including gender and age

A main factor observed within the research is nationality, comparing American perceptions against those of Europeans, concluding that Americans perception against Europeans favour equally on security importance but that Americans preferred a cruise vacation opposed to Europeans who continued to fly. In light of the findings it is recommended that governments and tourism official’s co-ordinate efforts to improve on current pre-screening and airport screening methods whilst reducing passenger wait time.

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Airport processes comprise of security of different security requirements. However, these process and easy and flexible. Airports have a designed layout that meets all security and capacity requirements. The security processes include passage screening system, carryon baggage screening system and customized verification processes and layout

The passenger security check points are designed to handle high traffic peaks. In this way, the layout is designed to meet the capacity configuration in the Airport. This is a extremely cost effective analysis. This is because it works as an advanced simulation passenger flow tool. It is necessary to note that carryon baggage is inspected using X- ray equipment. Airports check in is the first stop for every passenger and is handled by handling agents on behalf of the Airline. According to Airline regulations, a passage must first pass through the airline check in point. However, the procedures in the check in point vary from Airport to Airport. It is necessary to note that, in case of any extra luggage, the passage will be required to pay extra or additional surcharges. Baggage handling process includes; screening systems, commissioning and testing of baggage. These systems are not only advanced but are also flexible and efficient. This is because baggage handling processes are developed from the recent developed technology. On line check in points are also available in many Airports. Online check in allow the passage to confirm the flight presence through the internet. This is the best and easiest way. This is because it saves time and energy. Airport processes success and performance are determined by efficiency and quality of the services and processes involved in the same. In this case, most Airports expand theory operations and reduce the cost of toperations in order to attract more clients and maintain existing clients.

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Tourism is irrevocably bound up with the concept of security. Tourist behaviour and consequently destinations are deeply affected by perceptions of security and the management of security, safety and risk. (Hall et al, 2003:2) In most cases, security incidents cause changes in tourist’s perception of risk and thus are always translated into travel decisions (Mansfield & Pizam, 2006:7). Research into the relationship between tourism and terrorism acts affecting tourists’ safety or perceptions of safety, started receiving attention from numerous authors in the early 1990s

Brunt et al, (2000:418) and Pearce (1988:28) suggest that personal security is a major factor in the decision-making process through which individuals make their travel choices. Page (2005) notes that since the 9/11 attacks and subsequent global terrorism events, tourist security issues have become the number one concern for travellers. He further states that much pressure to reassure passengers has fallen upon airlines and airports. The airport has significant responsibility due to its sifting and search functions to ensure passengers do not carry prohibited items onboard. In a more recent publication Page further discusses the US (United States) and the U.K. (United Kingdom), reporting a downturn in international visitor arrivals after terrorist attacks within that country (2009).

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In summary, the workforce handling emerging technology devices must be trained to improve airport security by targeting more of these sophisticated devices towards passengers who pose comparatively more significant risk of harm and developing technology-focused screening methodologies that are able to rely on various datasets to quantify the threat potential of a passenger as opposed to undertaking full screening. Such a technology-focused platform for airport screening, in my view, will substantially reduce passenger inconveniences, address privacy concerns and cut operating costs

Furthermore, the emerging technology and IT infrastructure can be used in aviation environments to integrate security systems for optimal productivity and efficiency.

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American Association of Aviation Executives. (2011). AAAE Aviation Security Summit Focuses on Risk-Based Security.

Department of Homeland Security. (2007). Aviation Operational Threat Response Plan. Retrieved December 27, 2011, from http://www.dhs.gov/files/programs/aviation- security.shtm

Blalock, G., Kadiyali, V., & Simon, D. H. (2007). The impact of post-9/11 airport security measures on the demand for air travel. Web.

Canody, H. (2015). Smarter Security. Air Transport World, 52(7), 20-22.

Edwards, C. (2013). Privatizing the transport security administration. Web.

Fritteli, J. (2005). Transportation security: Issues for the 109th congress. Web.

Hessick, F. A. (2002). The federalization of airport security: Privacy implications. Whittier Law Review, 24(2), 43-69.

Lord, S. M. (2012). Screening partnership program: TSA should issue more guidance to airports and monitor private versus federal screener performance. Web.

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