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Workplace Safety Management in the US

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Health and safety is done to ensure that risks to employee’s safety and health are precisely being controlled. Health and safety has become an important issue nowadays. Bill Callaghan in 2000 stated ‘that good health and safety is good business’. Sadly, not every organisation understands that. This is an unbearable expense for them and we had seen that the numbers of accidents have increased greatly although the implementation of different laws. Furthermore, as a secondary option as stated by the HSE in 2008, health and safety at the workplace should also “protect co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are connected with the workplace environment’.

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The objectives of this essay to discuss the safety and wellbeing of all workers are necessary for the organization not only for consistent productivity but also due to regulatory requirements. Workers and human resources are the necessary components of all organizations due to their role in the effective accomplishment of objectives. Corporations cannot achieve long-term success and sustainable growth in the absence of motivated, safe, healthy, and effective workers. The health and safety of all workers are necessary to ensure the enhancement of productivity and efficiency at all levels and areas. Lack of safety measures can create havoc for the organization and negatively affect the working criterion of an organization. The management has to devise and implement effective safety procedures to reduce hazards and prevent accidents in the workplace. The can motivate the employees through this perspective as employees admire working in organizations that prefer safe working conditions. Employees believe that safer working conditions enhance their ability work because they do not feel scared in troublesome situations. The management should coordinate with all the related stakeholders when they devise policies about safety at workplace, as this would enhance a positive change in an organization. Different legislations also depict that organizations should focus on these perspectives and they should attain self-sufficiency in providing workplace safety. Corporations in the current era focus on the development of employees and they believed in the ideology of benefiting employees through different approaches. Safety at the work force is an important aspect that many organizations of today’s world disregard. Many people face mishaps and accidents in various situations especially due to negligence, recklessness, and carelessness. Many accidents and serious injuries are avoidable and preventable by taking effective safety measures and reducing hazards. For example, drivers and passengers can avoid serious injuries and death by wearing seatbelts while traveling in cars. However, many people fail to realize the importance of seatbelts and face a variety of consequences in the event of an accident. Mishaps and accidents are unforeseen occurrences that can lead to several adverse consequences in the absence of effective safety measures and precautions. Accidents, disasters, and mishaps can also occur in the workplace and affect several employees in the absence of precautions and safety procedures. Certain mediocre organizations do not regard this aspect as important and they do not focus on safety at the workplace. The owners and management of the organization need to implement rules, regulations, procedures, and systems relevant to safety and health

The management also needs to ensure that all workers have ample knowledge and information regarding safety procedures, prevention of accidents, and safe working practices.

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Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a management technique which aims at protecting the safety, health and welfare of the working class people. The first session of the ILO (Indian Labour Organization) and the WHO (World Health Organization) held in the year 1990, laid the outlines for OSH management stating that it aims at promoting and maintaining the highest degree of social, mental and physical well-being of the employees in all occupations. It also aims at the prevention of employees leaving their workplace due to health concerns. The main aim of the OSH is the smoothening of the process of adaption of each man to his job (Michaels D., 2010). The theories of OSH are based on the assumption that it is the duty of every organization to ensure that its employees and all other people associated with it remain safe and healthy under all circumstances (Quinlan, M. Bohle, P. & Lamm F., 2010). It is in fact the moral obligation of the organization to protect each employee’s life from any health issues or safety concerns. This paper would investigate in detail the challenges faced by an occupational safety and health professional while applying the theories of OSH.It has been researched and reported that effective leadership is the key to efficient management of OSH in any organization (Stranks J. W., 2006)

The leaders play a pivotal role in the proper incorporation of OSH culture in an organization. They key responsibilities of a leader includes – 1. Establishing an efficient and effective governance technique to monitor the OSH management in an organization. It is the responsibility of the leader to develop strategies and policies along with establishing goals and indentifying targets for OSH process (Michaels D., 2010). It is the duty of the leader to ensure that health and safety of the employees is always given priority over every other concern in the day-to-day activities. 2. The leader is completely responsible for the establishment of a positive attitude of employees and management towards the OSH schemes along with encouraging a positive, safe and healthy culture in the organization. The leader is accountable to provide and set good examples for other employees by practicing goods OSH policies in their own day-to-day attitude. Encouraging each individual to take proactive participation in promoting the healthy and safety of the organization is the duty of the leader (Tooma, M., 2012). To ensure that all employees have access to the safety tools and also the necessary training required to execute them. Thus, the leader is the key to success of the OSH program. The leader is the one who can build or erode trust amongst the employees of the organization. It is thus very critical to identify what OSH leadership behaviors that can have a positive or a negative effect on its employees. It has been researches that leadership in OSH management has different aspects and the leadership style in any organization has a huge effect on the safety and health of its employees (Dunn, C. E. 2012). Some leaders adopt the transformational leadership behaviors. This type of leadership aims at maintaining a positive atmosphere at the workplace. It promotes the employees to adopt the change happening in the organization and be a part of change themselves. A few OSH leadership behaviors that help in building trust within a workplace include-: - Proactive engagement with the staff and showing keen interest to know about their safety and health concerns (Hubbard G., 2008). Visiting the employees work stations, giving impromptu sessions on the importance of their health and safety and assuring them about the organization’s OSH policy. - Taking personal responsibility about the health and safety of each employee and to assure them that you care about them. This helps the employees feel a sense of belongingness and job security, which enables them to trust the organization (Dunn, C. E. 2012). Leading by example is the best way to promote active participation of each employee towards making the workplace healthier and safer. - Consulting the employees about how their health and safety concerns can be addressed is the best way of building employee trust. The active participation of workers helps in establishing a healthy culture of dialogue (Hubbard G., 2008). Thus, the workers are encouraged to take active part in the decision making process regarding their health and safety. Thus, developing a culture of trust and accountability.

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In a word, as indicated, managing safety and risks in the workplace involves various processes including identification of the risks, evaluation and prioritisation

Even though scholars tend to differentiate the two concepts, management practitioners use the terms interchangeably in workplace safety management. In addition, there are no specified standard procedures that have to be followed in risk and safety management. Studies indicate that organisations tend to adopt measures that are appropriate to the situation and industry in which they operate.

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Tooma, M. (2012). A manager's guide to health & safety at work London: Kogan Page.

Davis L, Souza K. (2009). Integrating occupational health with mainstream public health in Massachusetts: an approach to intervention. Public Health Rep.124 Suppl 1:5-145.

Dunn, C. E. (2012). Planning work, health & safety: an introduction to best practice North Ryde, N.S.W CCH Australia.

Hubbard, G. (2008). Health and Safety Management. Principles and Best Practice. Prentice Hall.

Leigh JP, Marcin JP, Miller TR. (2004). An estimate of the U.S. Government’s undercount of nonfatal occupational injuries.

Stranks, J. W. (2006). Managing occupational health and safety: a multi disciplinary approach. (3rd ed) South Melbourne: Macmillan.

Michaels, D. (2010) .OSHA at forty: new challenges and new directions. available at http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2010/08/osha_at_forty_new_strategies_f.php?utm_source=combinedfeed&utm_medium=rss. accessed: august 5, 2010.

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