Workplace Safety Management in the US
The management also needs to ensure that all workers have ample knowledge and information regarding safety procedures, prevention of accidents, and safe working practices.
The leaders play a pivotal role in the proper incorporation of OSH culture in an organization. They key responsibilities of a leader includes – 1. Establishing an efficient and effective governance technique to monitor the OSH management in an organization. It is the responsibility of the leader to develop strategies and policies along with establishing goals and indentifying targets for OSH process (Michaels D., 2010). It is the duty of the leader to ensure that health and safety of the employees is always given priority over every other concern in the day-to-day activities. 2. The leader is completely responsible for the establishment of a positive attitude of employees and management towards the OSH schemes along with encouraging a positive, safe and healthy culture in the organization. The leader is accountable to provide and set good examples for other employees by practicing goods OSH policies in their own day-to-day attitude. Encouraging each individual to take proactive participation in promoting the healthy and safety of the organization is the duty of the leader (Tooma, M., 2012). To ensure that all employees have access to the safety tools and also the necessary training required to execute them. Thus, the leader is the key to success of the OSH program. The leader is the one who can build or erode trust amongst the employees of the organization. It is thus very critical to identify what OSH leadership behaviors that can have a positive or a negative effect on its employees. It has been researches that leadership in OSH management has different aspects and the leadership style in any organization has a huge effect on the safety and health of its employees (Dunn, C. E. 2012). Some leaders adopt the transformational leadership behaviors. This type of leadership aims at maintaining a positive atmosphere at the workplace. It promotes the employees to adopt the change happening in the organization and be a part of change themselves. A few OSH leadership behaviors that help in building trust within a workplace include-: - Proactive engagement with the staff and showing keen interest to know about their safety and health concerns (Hubbard G., 2008). Visiting the employees work stations, giving impromptu sessions on the importance of their health and safety and assuring them about the organization’s OSH policy. - Taking personal responsibility about the health and safety of each employee and to assure them that you care about them. This helps the employees feel a sense of belongingness and job security, which enables them to trust the organization (Dunn, C. E. 2012). Leading by example is the best way to promote active participation of each employee towards making the workplace healthier and safer. - Consulting the employees about how their health and safety concerns can be addressed is the best way of building employee trust. The active participation of workers helps in establishing a healthy culture of dialogue (Hubbard G., 2008). Thus, the workers are encouraged to take active part in the decision making process regarding their health and safety. Thus, developing a culture of trust and accountability.
Even though scholars tend to differentiate the two concepts, management practitioners use the terms interchangeably in workplace safety management. In addition, there are no specified standard procedures that have to be followed in risk and safety management. Studies indicate that organisations tend to adopt measures that are appropriate to the situation and industry in which they operate.
Tooma, M. (2012). A manager's guide to health & safety at work London: Kogan Page.
Davis L, Souza K. (2009). Integrating occupational health with mainstream public health in Massachusetts: an approach to intervention. Public Health Rep.124 Suppl 1:5-145.
Dunn, C. E. (2012). Planning work, health & safety: an introduction to best practice North Ryde, N.S.W CCH Australia.
Hubbard, G. (2008). Health and Safety Management. Principles and Best Practice. Prentice Hall.
Leigh JP, Marcin JP, Miller TR. (2004). An estimate of the U.S. Government’s undercount of nonfatal occupational injuries.
Stranks, J. W. (2006). Managing occupational health and safety: a multi disciplinary approach. (3rd ed) South Melbourne: Macmillan.
Michaels, D. (2010) .OSHA at forty: new challenges and new directions. available at http://scienceblogs.com/thepumphandle/2010/08/osha_at_forty_new_strategies_f.php?utm_source=combinedfeed&utm_medium=rss. accessed: august 5, 2010.