Moreover, I include in this paper the opinions of simple people such as that of my family and my friends. This painting was one of Raphael’s last paintings and he had painted it after receiving a request from Pope Julius the Second, for San Sisto Church, which is why it was called “Sistine Madonna” (Shelley Esaak, no date). In this painting, the main personage is Virgin Mary. She is in blue and red (she appears in those colors in almost all the classical paintings), with baby Jesus Christ in her arms, standing on the clouds and surrounded by Saint Sixtus, and Saint Barbara. There are two little angels resting on their elbows in front of them.
Moreover, it is the last image of Madonna completed by him for the church or monastery. This painting became the most prominent example of portraying the religious themes in art for many generations of artists. (Ott M) Many critics emphasize that in this work Madonna looks like an ordinary woman who feels the great responsibility and even fears for her son. This great painting was developed for the Benedictine monks’ Monastery of San Sisto and has determined the principles of portraying religious motives and images in the works of the Renaissance age. Sistine Madonna became the last image from the series of Madonnas’ depictions made by Raphael.
There are hints of geometrical designs in “The Sistine Madonna” like the triangular position of the Madonna, Saint Sixtus, and Saint Barbara. Their facial expressions are unified. The Madonna placed higher in the triangle and the putti placed nearer at the real space of the viewer create a depth that separates illusion from reality. Another achievement is the veneration of lifelike body gestures in paintings.
Mckay B. & K., (2010). The Basics of Art: The Renaissance, The Art of Manliness.
Ott M. (2013), Pope St. Sixtus II, Catholic Encyclopedia.
Zmuida, C. (n.d.) Techniques Used in Renaissance Art.
Raphael: Sistine Madonna (2007). Art & Critique.
Saint Barbara, (n.d.) Coptic Orthodox Church Network