Knee Injury in Football - the Likeliness
Although frequently thought of as a concern for female athletes, ACL injuries are not limited to female athletes. A certain endemic level of ACL injury will always be associated with sports, yet an increased commitment should be made to reduce the incidence and severity of ACL injuries sustained by high school athletes.
Meniscal injury rates were higher and MCL injury rates were more than twice as high as in any other sport. The burden of knee injuries among football players is even greater considering that 1,109,836 US high school students participated in football during the 2010/11 academic year – more than any other sport including boys’ and girls’ basketball (Adirim TA, 2003). Thus, rather than assembling a nationally representative sample, exposure and injury data for these sports were collected from a convenience sample of US high schools with ATs. While all participating schools were asked to report for at least ten sports, with an objective of having 100 schools reporting for each sport, schools with some of the less nationally popular sports (i.e., ice hockey, lacrosse) were enrolled even if they could not report for all sports (Darrow CJ, Collins CL, 2005). If an AT from a convenience sample school also reported information for athletes in one of the original 9 sports, these data were included in the overall convenience sample data but were not included in weighted national estimates.
Although cardiac conditions are the leading medical cause of sudden death in all sports, complications due to sickle cell trait while participating in conditioning are the leading cause in football players.
Adirim TA, Cheng TL. Overview of Injuries in the Young Athlete. Sports Med. 2003;33(1):75–81.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Sports-related injuries among high school athletes--United States, 2005-06 school year. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2006;55(38):1037–40.
Darrow CJ, Collins CL, Yard EE, Comstock RD. Epidemiology of severe injuries among United States high school athletes: 2005-2007. Am J Sports Med. 2009;37(9):1798–805.
de Loes M, Dahlstedt LJ, Thomee R. A 7-year study on risks and costs of knee injuries in male and female youth participants in 12 sports. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2000