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On Average, How Many Simulator Hours per Pilot per Year Are Required for Simulator Recurrent Training?

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Air transport pilots attend recurrent training to maintain their skills and qualification. Six, nine, and twelve month training intervals are common. The training interval depends on the airline, type of aircraft, and regulating authority

Some airlines have the same training schedule for captains and first officers, while others require captains to attend recurrent more frequently.

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Instructor and student pilot subjective ratings of simulator training acceptance and expectations about motion effectiveness have been used to support a need for motion platforms. This support for the use of motion platforms is largely anecdotal and is generally supplied by sources considered to be subject matter experts. Discussions from a series of FAA-industry symposia set up to discuss costly aspects of airplane simulation show that SMEs from industry, academia and the FAA generally believe that an absence of motion cueing in simulator platforms is detrimental to pilot control performance. The authors reported that this was particularly true for maneuvers entailing sudden motion-onset cueing with limited visual reference. Research results have also supported this line of thinking. Pilots preferred the motion to no-motion conditions when the task was to control an unstable vehicle (the maneuver studied was a Dutch roll). Discussions with instructors and trainees following P-3 training under motion and no-motion conditions indicated a strong preference for the use of motion cueing. They suggested, as a major conclusion in their report, that motion greatly increased pilot acceptance of the training device. Somewhat indirect notion of preference for motion cueing. In their study, motion cues were added to the no-motion condition when practicing a stall during T-37 training because instructor pilots believed that training without motion cueing would be ineffective. The authors admit this may have influenced the results of their motion versus no-motion comparison.

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For the most part, as the workforce ages in an era of accelerating technological advances, it becomes imperative to understand how aging affects performance in the workplace

In aviation, for example, an aging workforce coincident with the introduction of jet aircraft appears to have played a role in the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) decision for mandatory retirement of airline pilots at age 60. It has been argued that age-based retirement rules are discriminatory and should be replaced with more direct methods of risk assessment.

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