The Role of University Administration in Producing the Knowledge Society
Knowledge exists in the material form as technology. Inventiveness and science have flown into it. It is controlled by means of titles of ownership over patents and usage rights. However, knowledge has also a major role in the utilization of living labor. The thesis of the knowledge-based society even claims that this role obtains an increasing significance: Many economic processes cannot be mastered any longer by the mere execution of well-defined tasks, but increasingly also through involvement and self-responsibility.
The university expands over recent centuries because- as it has from its religious origins- it casts cultural and human materials in universalistic terms. Our view helps explain empirical phenomena that confound standard accounts: the university's extraordinary expansion and global diffusion, its auricular and structural isomorphism, and its relatively unified structure. All of this holds increasingly true after World War II, as national state societies made up of citizens are increasingly embedded in a world society constituted of empowered individuals
In knowledge society research is conducted and knowledge created in complex global networks (Castells and Cardoso 2005) and knowledge alliances (Neubauer 2012) with the aim of enhancing knowledge production and making it more effective. This is putting pressures on universities that traditionally have assumed the role of main knowledge producers focusing on in-house knowledge creation.
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